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1927–Charles Lindbergh takes off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, New York, at 7:52 a.m., for the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean. He touched down at Le Bourget Field in Paris, France, at 10:22 p.m. the next day.

325–The First Council of Nicaea is formally opened, starting the first ecumenical council of the Christian Church.

491–Empress Ariadne marries Anastasius I. The widowed Augusta is able to choose her successor for the Byzantine throne, after Zeno (late emperor) dies of dysentery.

526–An earthquake kills about 300,000 people in Syria and Antiochia. A fire breaks out, which lasts several days and is fanned by high winds. The fire destroyed most of the buildings that were left standing, including Constantine's octagonal church. The intensity of the quake is estimated to have been between 8 and 9 on the Mercalli intensity scale.

1217–The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke.

1277–Pope John XXI, (1276-1277), dies at age 62.

1293–An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Japan, killing 30,000 people.

1310–For the first time, shoes are made for both the right and left feet.

1449–The Battle of Alfarrobeira is fought, establishing the House of Braganza as a principal royal family of Portugal.

1471–Henry VI, King of England (1422-1461 and 1470-1471), and King of France (1431-1471), dies.

1497–John Cabot sets sail from Bristol, England, on his ship, Matthew, looking for a route to the west.

1498–Portuguese explorer, Vasco da Gama, discovers the sea route to India, when he arrives at Kozhikode (previously Calicut), India.

1506–Explorer, Christopher Columbus, dies in poverty in Spain, at age 55.

1520–The massacre at the festival of Toxcatl takes place during the Fall of Tenochtitlan, resulting in turning the Aztecs against the Spanish.

1570–Cartographer, Abraham Ortelius, completes the first modern atlas.

1609–William Shakespeare's Sonnets are first published. The Sonnets describe the poet's devotion to a young man whose beauty and virtue he praises, and to a mysterious and faithless dark lady.

1645–A 10-day massacre of 800,000 residents takes place in Yangzhou, China, as part of the Transition from Ming to Qing.

1759–Physician, painter, and architect, responsible for the design of the United States Capitol, Dr. William Thornton, is born in the British Virgin Islands. Thornton would also serve as the first Architect of the Capitol and first Superintendent of the U.S. Patent Office.

1768–First Lady (1809-1817), Dolley Dandridge Payne Madison, is born. She was married to President James Madison.

1774–Britain's Parliament passes the Coercive Acts to punish the American Colonists for their increasingly anti-British behavior.

1799–Novelist, Honoré de Balzac, is born in France.

1802–Napoleon Bonaparte reinstates slavery in the French colonies, revoking its abolition in the French Revolution.

1813–Napoleon Bonaparte leads his French troops into the Battle of Bautzen in Saxony, Germany, against the combined armies of Russia and Prussia. The battle ends the next day with a French victory.

1818–William George Fargo, founder of Wells Fargo Bank, is born.

1819–Architect, Horace Jones. is born in London, England. Best known for the design of the Tower Bridge, Jones also served as Architect and Surveyor to the City of London from 1864 until his death.

1825–Charles X becomes King of France.

1830–D. Hyde patents the fountain pen.

1835–Otto is named the first modern King of Greece.

1840–The Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Saint Peter in York, England, commonly known as York Minster, is badly damaged by fire.

1844–Post-Impressionist painter, Henri (Julien Felix) Rousseau, is born in France. Rousseau would teach himself to paint, instructed only by nature itself. His work is considered to be in the Naïve or Primitive style. He exhibited regularly in the Salon des Indépendants, and though his work was not well placed, it would draw an increasing following over the years. His work would go on to influence numerous painters including Pablo Picasso, with whom he became friends, the Fauvists, and the Surrealists. His best known work is “The Dream,” which is in the permanent collection at the Museum of Modern Art.

1845–Poets, Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett, have their first meeting at her family's Wimpole Street home in London, England.

1851–Emile Berliner, inventor of the flat phonograph record, is born in Hanover, Kingdom of Hanover. He founded the Berliner Gramophone Company in 1895; The Gramophone Company in London, England, in 1897; Deutsche Grammophon in Hanover, Germany, in 1898; and Berliner Gram-o-phone Company of Canada in Montreal, Canada, in 1899.

1861–North Carolina becomes the 11th and last state to secede from Union.

1862–President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act into law. This gives a settler ownership of 160 acres of land, typically called a "homestead," at little or no cost. It opened up millions of acres. Any adult who has never taken up arms against the U.S. government cab apply. Women, blacks, and immigrants are eligible.

1867–The Royal Albert Hall foundation is laid in London, England.

1874–Levi Strauss begins making blue jeans with copper rivets. The price is $13.50 per dozen.

1875–The signing of the Metre Convention by 17 nations leads to the establishment of the International System of Units.

1879–The 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer, riding Lord Murphy, wins in 2:37.

1882–The Triple Alliance between the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and the Kingdom of Italy is formed.

1883–The eruption of the volcano Krakatoa begins.

1884–Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo becomes the King of the Zulu Nation.

1891–The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope is presented.

1891–Earl (Russell) Browder, leader of the U.S. Communist Party (1930-1945), is born in Wichita, Kansas.

1892–George Sampson patents a clothes dryer.

1896–The six-ton chandelier in the Palais Garnier opera house in Paris, France, falls on the crowd below, killing one person and the injuring many others.

1899–The first traffic ticket in issued in America: New York City taxi driver, Jacob German, is arrested for speeding while driving 12 miles per hour on Lexington Street.

1900–The II Summer Olympic Games open in Paris, France.

1902–Cuba gains independence from the United States. Tomás Estrada Palma becomes the country's first President.

1908–The Budi Utomo organization is founded in the Dutch East Indies, starting the Indonesian National Awakening.

1908–Actor, James (Maitland) Stewart, is born in Indiana, Pennsylvania. He appeared in the films Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, The Shop Around the Corner, The Philadelphia Story, Pot o’ Gold, It’s a Wonderful Life, Call Northside 777, Rope, The Stratton Story, Winchester ‘73, Harvey, The Glenn Miller Story, Rear Window, The Man Who Knew Too Much, The Spirit of St. Louis, Vertigo, Bell, Book and Candle, The FBI Story, How the West Was Won, and Shenandoah.

1913–Businessman, William Hewlett, is born William Redington Hewlett in Ann Arbor, Michigan. With his partner, David Packard, of the Hewlett Packard Company, he built one of the largest and most successful computer-printer companies in the world.

1916–The Saturday Evening Post publishes its first cover with a Norman Rockwell painting, “Boy with Baby Carriage.”

1919–The volcano Keluit, on Java, erupts killing 550 people.

1919–Entertainer, George Gobel, is born in Chicago, Illinois.

1920–Radio station XWA in Montreal, Canada, broadcasts the first regularly scheduled radio programming in North America.

1923–Stanley Baldwin becomes Prime Minister of the U.K.

1926–Inventor, Thomas Edison, states that Americans prefer silent films to “talkies.”

1926–Actor, David Hedison, is born in Providence, Rhode Island. He starred in the sci-fi movie, The Fly, and the TV series Voyage to Bottom of the Sea.

1927–The United Kingdom recognizes the sovereignty of King Ibn Saud in the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, which later merge to become the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

1927–Charles Lindbergh takes off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, New York, at 7:52 a.m., for the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean. He touched down at Le Bourget Field in Paris, France, at 10:22 p.m. the next day.

1927–Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain.

1928–Doctor, Jack Kevorkian, is born. He was a controversial figure who fought to assist people in ill health with suicide.

1930–Harold Harrison and Louise French are married. They are the parents of George Harrison of The Beatles.

1932–Amelia Earhart takes off from Newfoundland to begin her historic solo flight to Ireland.

1936–Actor, Anthony Zerbe, is born in California. He appeared in the TV series Harry-O and the mini-series Centennial.

1939–Pan Am Airlines begins regular transatlantic airmail and passenger service across the North Atlantic.

1940–The first prisoners arrive at a concentration camp at Auschwitz.

1942–Singer, Paula, of Paul & Paula, is born Jill Jackson in Texas. The duo had a big hit with the song Hey, Paula.

1942–French Art Nouveau architect, Hector Guimard, dies in New York, New York, at age 75. His fear of the Nazi Party had forced him into exile in 1938, and he had been largely forgotten by the time of his death.

1944–Singer, Joe Cocker, is born in Sheffield, England.

1944–Astronaut, David M. Walker, is born in Columbus, Georgia.

1946–W.H. Auden becomes an American citizen.

1946–Singer-actress, Cher, is born Cherilyn Sarkisian LaPierre in El Centro, California. She started out as one half of the duo of Sonny & Cher, went solo, and became a respected and Oscar-winning actress. She appeared in the films Mask, Silkwood, and Moonstruck.

1948–Chiang Kai-shek is elected as the first President of the Republic of China.

1948–Comedian, Dave Thomas, of SCTV, is born in St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada.

1949–In the United States, the Armed Forces Security Agency, the predecessor to the National Security Agency (NSA), is established.

1950–Music producer, Andy Johns, is born Jeremy Andrew Johns in Epsom, England. Johns was the engineer for the majority of Led Zeppelin's albums, including Led Zeppelin II, Led Zeppelin IV, Houses of the Holy, and Physical Graffiti. He also worked on The Rolling Stones' Sticky Fingers, Exile on Main Street, and Goats Head Soup.

1954–Chiang Kai-shek is selected by the National Assembly for another term as President of the Republic of China.

1954–Bill Haley and the Comets' Rock Around the Clock is released. It didn't find any success, however, until the following year when it was included on the soundtrack of the film The Blackboard Jungle.

1956–The first hydrogen bomb dropped from the air is exploded by the U.S. over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.

1958–The U.S. conducts an atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.

1958–Ronald Prescot Reagan, Jr., is born in Los Angeles, California. He is the son of Ronald and Nancy Reagon.

1958–Singer, Jane Wiedlin, of The GoGos, is born in Wisconsin.

1959–Singer, Israel Kamakawiwo’ole, is born in Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii. His voice became famous outside Hawaii when his album, Facing Future, was released in 1993. His medley of Somewhere over the Rainbow/What a Wonderful World was subsequently featured in several films, TV shows, and commercials.

1959–Actor, Bronson Pinchot, is born in New York, New York. He co-starred in the TV sitcom Perfect Strangers, and appeared in the movie Beverly Hills Cop.

1960–Disc jockey, Alan Freed, is indicted for allegedly receiving payola from six record companies. He would later get a $300 fine.

1960–The Silver Beetles (John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Stu Sutcliffe, and Tommy Moore) perform during the first night of their short tour of Scotland, backing singer Johnny Gentle, at Town Hall, Alloa, Clackmannanshire. Gentle and the Silver Beetles rehearse together for the first time 30 minutes prior to going on stage. For this tour, three of the Silver Beetles adopt stage names: Paul McCartney becomes Paul Ramon, George Harrison goes by the name Carl Harrison, and Stuart Sutcliffe becomes Stuart de Stael.

1960–Singer, Susan Cowsill, of The Cowsills, is born in Newport, Rhode Island.

1960–Actor, Tony Goldwyn, is born in Los Angeles, California. He appeared in the films Ghost, Kuffs, and Traces of Red.

1961–A white mob attacks a busload of Freedom Riders in Montgomery, Alabama, prompting the federal government to send in U.S. Marshals to restore order.

1964–Discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation is made by Robert Woodrow Wilson and Arno Penzias.

1964–Astronaut, Paul W. Richards, is born in Scranton, Pennsylvania.

1964–Earl Charles Spencer is born in Sandringham, England. He was the brother of Princess Diana.

1965–PIA Flight 705, a Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 720-040B, crashes while descending to land at Cairo International Airport, in Eqypt, killing 121 of the 127 passengers and crew.

1965–Television host, Ted Allen, is born. He is the host of the popular Food Network series Chopped.

1966–The Beatles do location filming for two color promo films for their songs Paperback Writer and Rain in the gardens of Chiswick House, Chiswick, London, England.

1966–George Harrison visits the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi for the first time.

1966–Actress, Mindy Cohn, is born in Los Angeles, California. She is best known for her role on the TV sitcom The Facts of Life.

1967–The Popular Movement of the Revolution political party is established in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

1967–The BBC bans The Beatles song A Day in the Life because of its alleged references to drugs.

1967–Jimi Hendrix signs a record deal with Reprise Records.

1968–The Beatles, armed with a bunch of new songs after their visit to India, meet at George Harrison's home in Esher, Surrey, England. They tape 23 demos of songs on George's 4-track recorder. Many will end up on The Beatles' next album, The Beatles (the White Album).

1968–Although the exact date is impossible to corroborate, this night is suggested as the probable date that John Lennon and Yoko Ono became a couple. As such, it marks one of the most important nights of John Lennon's life, for his music career and future is changed forever. Yet to come would be the unrealized expectations of millions of fans, acrimony over adultery and divorce, worldwide outrage over the naked photos of John and Yoko that would grace the cover of their first album, and the ultimate question being of the continued existence of The Beatles.

1969–U.S. and South Vietnamese forces capture Apbia Mountain, referred to as “Hamburger Hill” by the Americans, following one of the bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War.

1970–One hundred thousand people demonstrate in New York's Wall Street district in support of U.S. policy in Vietnam and Cambodia.

1970–The Beatles documentary film, Let It Be, opens at the London Pavilion and Liverpool Gaumont theatres. None of the Beatles are in attendance.

1972–Columnist, Walter Winchell, dies at age 75.

1973–The 25th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Series: The Waltons; Best Comedy Series: All in the Family; Best Musical or Variety Series: The Julie Andrews Hour; Best Children’s Program: Sesame Street, The Electric Company, and Zoom (three-way tie); Best Actor: Richard Thomas; Best Actress: Michael Learned; Best Comedy Actor: Jack Klugman; Best Comedy Actress: Mary Tyler Moore. The ceremonies are held at the Shubert Theatre in Los Angeles, California. The host is Johnny Carson.

1976–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Sary Shagan.

1977–The stage show, Beatlemania, opens on Broadway in New York City.

1980–The evacuation begins of 710 families in the Love Canal area of Niagara Falls, New York.

1983–A car bomb planted by Umkhonto we Sizwe explodes on Church Street in Pretoria, South Africa, killing 19 people and injuring 217 others.

1985–The FBI arrests John A. Walker Jr., who will be convicted of spying for the USSR.

1985–Radio Martí, part of the Voice of America service, begins broadcasting to Cuba.

1985–Larry Holmes defeats Carl Williams in 15 rounds for the Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1987–Thunderstorms in southern Texas produce grapefruit size hail near the town of Dilley. The large hail breaks windows, kills small animals, and damages watermelons.

1989–The Chinese authorities declare martial law in the face of pro-democracy demonstrations, setting the scene for the Tiananmen Square Massacre.

1989–Comedienne, Gilda Radner, dies of ovarian cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 42. She is best known as one of the original cast members of Saturday Night Live. She appeared in the films The Last Detail, Gilda Live, First Family, Hanky Panky, The Woman in Red, Movers & Shakers, and Haunted Honeymoon.

1990–The first post-Communist presidential and parliamentary elections are held in Romania.

1990–The Hubble Space Telescope sends its first photographs back to Earth.

1993–Max Klein, inventor of “paint by numbers,” dies at age 77.

1996–The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Romer vs. Evans against a law that would have prevented any city, town or county in the state of Colorado from taking any legislative, executive, or judicial action to protect the rights of gays and lesbians.

1998–Frank Sinatra's funeral is held at the Beverly Hills' Church of the Good Shepherd, with attendees including Tony Bennett, Bob Dylan, Liza Minnelli, Jack Nicholson, Tony Curtis, Kirk Douglas, Sophia Loren, Bob Newhart, Faye Dunaway, Angie Dickinson, and his ex-wide, Mia Farrow.

2000–Jazzland Theme Park opens, east of New Orleans, Louisiana, consisting of four themed areas: Jazz Plaza, Pontchartrain Beach, Cajun Country, and Mardi Gras. Amusement rides include: Zydeco Scream, The Big Easy (a 90-foot ferris wheel), Cypress Plunge, Muskrat Scrambler, and Voodoo Volcano. The park became Six Flags New Orleans in 2003, adding DC Comics Super Heros Adventures to its existing attractions.

2000–Flautist, Jean Pierre Rampal, dies in Paris, France, at age 78.

2002–The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and three years of provisional UN administration.

2005–Governor Jeb Bush signs a bill making the orange the official state fruit of Florida.

2006–A series of massive strikes begin, involving nearly 1.8 million garment workers in Bangladesh.

2012–At least 27 people are killed and 50 others injured, when a 6.0 earthquake strikes northern Italy.

2012–Singer, Robin Gibb, of The Bee Gees, dies of colon and liver cancer in London, England, at age 62. He sang lead vocal on many of the group’s biggest hits. As an instrumentalist, Gibb primarily played a variety of keyboards, notably piano, organ, and Mellotron.

2013–A tornado strikes the Oklahoma City suburb of Moore, Oklahoma, killing 24 people and injuring 377 others..

2013–Yahoo! purchases Tumbler for $1.1 billion.

2013–Keyboardist, Ray Manzarek, of The Doors, dies of bile duct cancer in Rosenheim, Germany, at age 74. The Doors would sell more than 100 million albums, thanks to front man, Jim Morrison, and iconic hits such as Hello, I Love You, Light My Fire, and Riders on the Storm.

2014–More than 118 people are killed in two bombings in Jos, Nigeria.

2016–The Mexican government approves the extradition of drug boss, Joaquín Guzmán, to the United States, following assurances that he will not face the death penalty.

2016–Barack Obama signs a bill into law that aimes to address the use of “racially questionable” language in federal laws. It states that Section 211 of the Department of Energy Organization Act is amended by striking “a Negro, American Indian, Eskimo, Oriental, Aleut, or a Spanish speaking individual of Spanish descent” and inserting “an African American, Native American, Alaska Native, Asian American, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, or Hispanic.”

2016–The Oklahoma Legislature files a measure asking for the U.S. Congress to impeach Barack Obama over his decision to allow transgender students to use the bathrooms corresponding to their gender identity.

2016–Tsai Ing-wen is sworn in as the first female President of Taiwan.

2016–Coca-Cola FEMSA suspends all production in Venezuela due to a sugar shortage.

2016–Temperatures soar to a record 124 °F in the Indian state of Rajasthan.


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