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1971–Magic Mountain, opens in Valencia, California, with 33 attractions. Rides at the opening include: Gold Rusher (mine train), Log Jammer (log flume), The Metro (monorail), Eagle’s Flight (sky ride), El Bumpo (bumper boats), Billy the Squid, Bottoms Up, Circus Wheel, Crazy Barrels, Funicular, Galaxy, Grand Carousel, Grand Prix (gas powered cars), Steam Train, Sandblasters, and the Sky Tower. The park, at a cost of approximately $20 million, is a joint venture between Sea World and the Newhall Land and Farm Company. The park would become Six Flags Magic Mountain in 1979.



363–Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sasanian army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sasanian capital, but is unable to take the city.

757–St. Paul I succeeds Stephen II as Catholic Pope.

1108–Almoravid troops, under the command of Tamim ibn Yusuf, defeat a Castile and León alliance, under the command of Prince Sancho Alfónsez, in the Battle of Uclés.

1167–A Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel.

1176–The Lombard League defeats Emperor Frederick I.

1259–Christopher I of Denmark dies after drinking poisoned communion wine in Ribe, Denmark, at age 40.

1311–James II of Majorca dies at age 67.

1320–Pope John VIII of Alexandria dies in Egypt.

1328–Philip VI is crowned King of France.

1379–Henry II of Castile dies in Santo Domingo de la Calzada, at age 45. His son, John I of Castile, succeeded him on the throne.

1414–The Council of Constance deposes Pope John XXIII.

1425–Emperor Hongxi of China dies of a heart attack at age 46.

1439–Pope Pius III is born Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini in Siena, Republic of Siena.

1453–Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor, dies in battle in in Constantinople, at age 49. There were no known surviving eyewitnesses to his death and none of his entourage survived to offer any credible account of what occurred. Following his death, he became a legendary figure in Greek folklore as the "Marble Emperor" who would awaken and recover the Empire and Constantinople from the Ottomans. His death marked the end of the Roman Empire, which had continued in the East for 977 years, after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

1630–Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-1685), is born at St. James's Palace, London, England. Charles II was popularly known as the “Merry Monarch,” in reference to both the liveliness and hedonism of his court and the general relief at the return to normality after over a decade of rule by Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans.

1660–Charles II is restored to the throne of Great Britain.

1677–The Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Natives.

1727–Peter II becomes the Tsar of Russia at age 11.

1733–The right of Canadians to enslave natives is upheld at Quebec City.

1736–Patrick Henry is born in Hanover County, Colony of Virginia, British America. He is the American patriot who said, “Give me liberty or give me death.” Along with Samuel Adams and Thomas Paine, he is regarded as one of the most influential champions of Republicanism and an invested promoter of the American Revolution and its fight for independence.

1790–Rhode Island becomes the last of the original 13 colonies to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

1798–Between 300 and 500 United Irishmen are massacred by the British Army in County Kildare, Ireland.

1807–Mustafa IV becomes Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.

1814–Joséphine de Beauharnais, wife of Napoleon I, dies of pneumonia in Rueil-Malmaison, Île-de-France, France, at age 50. She caught cold during a walk with Tsar Alexander in the gardens of Malmaison.

1826–Ebenezer Butterick, inventor of the tissue paper dress pattern, is born in Sterling, Massachusetts. The Butterick’s graded (different sized) patterns for home sewers became massively popular, as they made modern fashions and styles accessible to the rapidly expanding lower middle class: people that could not afford to purchase custom-made clothing in the latest style each season, but still wished to be fashionably dressed.

1848–Wisconsin becomes the 30th state of the United States of America.

1849–Bacteriologist, Louis Pasteur, marries secretary, Marie Laurent, in Strasbourg, France.

1852–Singer, Jenny Lind, leaves New York after her two-year American tour.

1857–Archduchess Sophie of Austria dies of typhus fever in Buda, Budapest, Austrian Empire, at age 2.

1861–The Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce is founded, in Hong Kong.

1864–Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico arrives in Mexico for the first time.

1867–The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 is born through Act 12, which establishes the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

1868–Mihailo Obrenovic III, Prince of Serbia is assassinated.

1886–Pharmacist, John Pemberton, places his first advertisement for Coca-Cola, which appears in The Atlanta Journal.

1900–The trademark, “Escalator,” is registered by the Otis Elevator Company.

1903–In the May Coup, Alexander I, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.

1903–Entertainer, Bob Hope, is born Leslie Townes Hope in Eltham, Kent, England. With a career spanning nearly 80 years, Hope appeared in more than 70 shorts and feature films, including a series of "Road" movies. In addition to hosting the Academy Awards show 19 times, more than any other host, he appeared in many stage productions and television roles, and was the author of 14 books. Celebrated for his long career performing United Service Organizations (USO) shows to entertain active duty American military personnel (he made 57 tours for the USO between 1941 and 1991) Hope was declared an honorary veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces in 1997, by act of the U.S. Congress. The song Thanks for the Memories is widely regarded as his signature tune. He appeared in the films My Favorite Blonde, The Princess and the Pirate, My Favorite Brunette, The Paleface, Sorrowful Jones, Fancy Pants, The Lemon Drop Kid, The Seven Little Foys, The Certain Feeling, The Facts of Life, Bachelor in Paradise, Critic’s Choice, Call Me Bwana, I’ll Take Sweden, and Boy Did I Get a Wrong Number.

1906–Writer, T.H. White, is born Terence Handbury White in Bombay, India. He discovered as he grew up that he got along better with animals than with people and he kept many pets: badgers, hawks, snakes, dogs, and an owl that sat on his head. Many of these appear in his most famous book The Sword and the Stone. He wrote three more books about King Arthur which were later published together as The Once and Future King, which inspired the musical Camelot.

1911–The Indianapolis 500: In the very first race of the annual event, Ray Harroun wins in 6:42:08.

1911–W.S. Gilbert, of Gilbert & Sullivan, dies of a heart attack while trying to save a young woman from drowning at his home Grim’s Dyke, at age 74. He was a dramatist, librettist, poet, and illustrator best known for the 14 comic operas (known as the Savoy operas) produced in collaboration with composer, Sir Arthur Sullivan. The most famous of these include H.M.S. Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance, and one of the most frequently performed works in the history of musical theatre, The Mikado.

1913–Igor Stravinsky's The Rites of Spring is performed for the first time in Paris, France.

1914–The Ocean liner, RMS Empress, of Ireland sinks in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, killing 1,012 people.

1916–The U.S. Presidential Flag is adopted.

1917–John Fitzgerald Kennedy is born in Brookline, Massachusetts. He was elected the 35th President of the United States in 1960. As a member of the Democratic Party, he represented Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate prior to becoming president. His parents were Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Sr. and Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald Kennedy. His brothers were Joseph Kennedy, Jr., Robert Kennedy, and Ted Kennedy.

1918–Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarabad.

1919–Alberts Einstein's Theory of General Relativity is tested (and later confirmed) by Arthur Eddington's observation of a total solar eclipse in Principe, and by Andrew Crommelin in Sobral, Cear, Brazil.

1920–Actor, (George) Clifton James, is born in Spokane, Washington. He appeared in the films Experiment in Terror, David and Lisa, Black Like Me, Cool Hand Luke, Will Penny, The Biscuit Eater, Live and Let Die, The Last Detail, Rancho Deluxe, Silver Streak, Superman II, and Eight Men Out.

1931–Michele Schirru, a citizen of the United States, is executed by an Italian military firing squad for intent to kill Benito Mussolini.

1932–World War I veterans begin to assemble in Washington, D.C., in the Bonus Army to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945.

1934–The 10th National Spelling Bee: Sarah Wilson wins, spelling brethren.

1935–The Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter aeroplane makes its first flight.

1938–Christopher Bland, businessman and Chairman of the BBC (1996 to 2001), is born Francis Christopher Buchan Bland in Japan.

1939–The 15th National Spelling Bee: Elizabeth Ann Rice wins, spelling canonical.

1939–Auto racer, Al Unser, winner of the Indianapolis 500, is born Alfred Unser in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He is the younger brother of fellow racing drivers, Jerry and Bobby Unser, and father of Al Unser, Jr.

1940–Farooq Leghari, eighth President of Pakistan, is born Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari in Choti Zareen, DG Khan, Punjab, British India (present-day Punjab, Pakistan).

1941–Roy Crewsdon, of Freddie & The Dreamers, is born in Manchester, England.

1942–Bing Crosby records White Christmas.

1942–Singer, Monti Rock III, is born Joseph Montanez, Jr. in the Bronx, New York. After several performances on The Merv Griffin Show, beginning in 1966, Rock's wild antics and outrageous personality brought him to the national stage when he began appearing regularly as a guest on The Tonight Show.

1942–Actor, John Barrymore, dies of pneumonia and cirrhosis in Hollywood, California, at age 60. He was an actor of stage, screen and radio, and his success in motion pictures spanned both the silent and sound eras. He struggled with alcohol abuse from the age of 14, was married and divorced four times, and declared bankruptcy later in life. He appeared in the films Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Sherlock Holmes, Beau Brummel, Tempest, Grand Hotel, and Dinner at Eight. He was the patriarch of the Barrymore acting dynasty, which includes Lionel Barrymore, Ethel Barrymore, Diana Barrymore, John Drew Barrymore, and Drew Barrymore.

1945–The first combat mission using the Consolidated B-32 Dominator heavy bomber take place.

1945–Gary Brooker, of Procol Harum, is born in Hackney, East London, England.

1947–United Airlines Flight 521 from New York City to Cleveland, Ohio, fails to become airborne. The plane smashed through an airport fence and onto the Grand Central Parkway, then slammed into an embankment and plunged into a pond where it exploded. There were five survivors.

1947–The 20th National Spelling Bee: Mattie Lou Pollard wins, spelling chlorophyll.

1948–The United Nations peacekeeping force, the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization, is created.

1948–Actor, Anthony (Dean) Geary, is born in Coalville, Utah. He is best known for his role on the TV soap opera General Hospital.

1948–Actor, Nick Mancuso, is born Nicodemo Antonio Massimo Mancuso in Mammola, Calabria, Italy. He is best known for his starring role in the action TV series Stingray.

1950–The St. Roch, the first ship to circumnavigate North America, arrives in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

1950–Rebbie (Maureen) Jackson is born in Gary, Indiana. She is the oldest of the siblings in the musical Jackson family.

1951–Stage actress, Fanny Brice, dies in Hollywood, California, at age 59. She was an illustrated song model, comedian, singer, and film actress who made many stage, radio, and film appearances. She was the creator and star of the top-rated radio comedy series The Baby Snooks Show. Thirteen years after her death, she was portrayed on the Broadway stage by Barbra Streisand in the 1964 musical Funny Girl and its 1968 film adaptation of the same name.

1953–The first two individuals to reach the top of Mount Everest are Sherpa Tensing Norkay, of Nepal, and Sir Edmund Hillary, of New Zealand.

1953–Film composer, Danny Elfman, is born Daniel Robert Elfman in Los Angeles, California. He atarted out as the lead singer and songwriter for the band Oingo Boingo. He later wrote the theme music for the animated TV series The Simspons. He also provided the scores for the films Batman and Edward Scissorhands. He was married to actress, Bridget Fonda.

1954–The first of the annual Bilderberg Conferences is held.

1955–John (Warnock) Hinckley, Jr. is born in Ardmore, Oklahoma. He attempted to assassinate President Reagan in 1981, supposedly to impress actress, Jodie Foster. Hinckley wounded Reagan with a bullet that ricocheted and hit him in the chest. He also wounded police officer, Thomas Delahanty, Secret Service agent, Timothy McCarthy, and critically wounded White House Press Secretary, James Brady. He was found not guilty by reason of insanity and remained under institutional psychiatric care. Hinckley was released from institutionized care on September 10, 2016, and lives full-time at his mother's home.

1955–Mike Porcaro, of Toto, is born.

1956–LaToya Jackson is born in Gary, Indiana. She is the most notorius of the siblings in the musical Jackson family.

1958–Actress, Annette (Carol) Bening, is born in Topeka, Kansas. She has appeared in the films The Great Outdoors, Valmont, Postcards from the Edge, The Grifters, Guilty by Suspicion, Refarding Henry, Bugsy, Love Affair, The American President, American Beauty, Open Range, and Being Julia. She is married to actor, Warren Beatty.

1959–One of the first outdoor festivals of the rock and roll era takes place at Herndon Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia. Featured headliners are Ray Charles, B.B. King, and Jimmy Reed. The concert draws more than 9,000 music lovers.

1959–Actor, Rupert Everett, is born Rupert James Hector Everett in Burnham Deepdale, Norfolk, England. He appeared in the films Princess Daisy, Another Country, Duet for One, The Comfort of Strangers, Prêt-à-Porter, The Madness of King George, My Best Friend's Wedding, Shakespeare in Love, A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Importance of Being Earnest, and Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children.

1961–Rock singer, Melissa (Lou) Etheridge, is born in Leavenworth, Kansas. She is known for her mixture of confessional lyrics, pop-based folk-rock, and raspy, smoky vocals. Her hits include Bring Me Some Water and Come to My Window.

1962–The 4th Annual Grammy Awards announces its winners. Record of the Year: Henry Mancini for Moon River; Album of the Year: Judy Garland for Judy at Carnegie Hall; Song of the Year: Henry Mancini & Johnny Mercer (songwriters) for Moon River; Best Vocal Performance, Male: Jack Jones for Lollipops and Roses; Best Vocal Performance, Female: Judy Garland for Judy at Carnegie Hall; Best Performance by a Vocal Group: Lambert, Hendricks & Ross for High Flying; Best Country & Western Performance: Jimmy Dean for Big Bad John; Best Rhythm & Blues Performance: Ray Charles for Hit the Road Jack; Best Rock and Roll Recording: Chubby Checker for Let's Twist Again; Best Instrumental Performance: Henry Mancini for Breakfast at Tiffany's; Best New Artist: Peter Nero. The ceremonies are held in Chicago, Illinois, and Los Angeles, California. There is no host.

1963–Del Shannon's cover version of The Beatles’ From Me to You becomes the first song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney to appear on the American charts.

1963–Actress, Lisa (Diane) Whelchel, is born in Littlefield, Texas. She is best known for the role of Blair on the TV sitcom The Facts of Life.

1964–The Arab League meets in East Jerusalem to discuss the Palestinian question, leading to the formation of the Palestine Liberation Organization.

1964–Fresh Kid Ice, of 2 Live Crew, is born Chris Wong Won in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. He is noted for being the first rapper of Asian decent and the only 2 Live Crew member to appear on all their albums.

1967–Noel Gallagher, of Oasis, is born Noel Thomas David Gallagher in Manchester, England. His brother is musician, Liam Gallagher.

1969–A general strike takes place in Córdoba, Argentina, leading to the Cordobazo civil unrest.

1970–The USSR conducts an underground nuclear test.

1970–Writer, John Gunther, dies of liver cancer at age 68. He was a journalist and author whose success came primarily through a series of popular socio-political works known as the "Inside" books (1936-1972), including the best-selling Inside U.S.A. in 1947. He is best known for the memoir, Death Be Not Proud, about the death of his beloved teenage son, Johnny Gunther, from a brain tumor.

1971–Magic Mountain, opens in Valencia, California, with 33 attractions. Rides at the opening include: Gold Rusher (mine train), Log Jammer (log flume), The Metro (monorail), Eagle’s Flight (sky ride), El Bumpo (bumper boats), Billy the Squid, Bottoms Up, Circus Wheel, Crazy Barrels, Funicular, Galaxy, Grand Carousel, Grand Prix (gas powered cars), Steam Train, Sandblasters, and the Sky Tower. The park, at a cost of approximately $20 million, is a joint venture between Sea World and the Newhall Land and Farm Company. The park would become Six Flags Magic Mountain in 1979.

1971–The Indianapolis 500: Al Unser wins in 3:10:11.

1972–Apple releases the Wings single Mary Had a Little Lamb. Paul McCartney recorded his version of the nursery rhyme as a kind of tongue-in-cheek joke to get back at the BBC for banning his earlier single Give Ireland Back to the Irish.

1973–Tom Bradley is elected the first black Mayor of Los Angeles, California.

1973–Columbia Records fires its President, Clive Davis, for misappropriating $100,000 in funds. Davis will later start Arista Records.

1974–President Richard Nixon agrees to turn over 1,200 pages of edited Watergate transcripts.

1975–Melanie Janine Brown, Scary Spice of The Spice Girls, is born in Leeds, England.

1976–Marriott's Great America opens in Gurnee, Illinois, just north of Chicago. The themed areas are: Carousel Plaza, Orleans Place, Hometown Square, Yankee Harbor, Yukon Territory, and Country Fair. Rides in the park are : Gilf Coaster, Columbia Carousel, Willard's Whizzer, Sky Whirl, Delta Flyer, Hilltopper, and the Scenic Skyway. The park became Six Flags Great America in 1985.

1977–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1977–In the middle of a Baltimore, Maryland, concert, Elvis Presley wanders off stage and doesn't come back.

1977–The Indianapolis 500: A.J. Foyt wins in 3:05:57.

1977–Janet Guthrie becomes the first woman to drive in the Indianapolis 500.

1978–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1978–Lorenzo Odone, Italian-American adrenoleukodystrophy patient, is born Lorenzo Michael Murphy Odone in Washington, D.C. Lorenzo was diagnosed in 1984, using a new blood test that had been recently developed. People with the disease were usually young boys (5-10 years old), who would gradually become mute, deaf, blind, and paralysed before dying, which typically happened within two years due to aspiration or neurological causes. His story is told in the 1992 film Lorenzo's Oil.

1979–Actress, Mary Pickford, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage in Santa Monica, California, at age 87. Known in her prime as "America's Sweetheart" and the "girl with the curls," Pickford was one of the Canadian pioneers in early Hollywood and a significant figure in the development of film acting. She was one of the original team who formed the film company United Artists Corporation in 1919, along with her husband Douglas Fairbanks, D.W. Griffith, and Charlie Chaplin.

1980–The 53rd National Spelling Bee: Jacques Bailly wins, spelling elucubrate.

1981–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1981–Politician, Soong Ching-ling, dies in Beijing, China, at age 88. She was the Honorary President of the People's Republic of China. She was the second wife of Sun Yat-sen, leader of the 1911 revolution that established the Republic of China, and was often referred to as Madame Sun Yat-sen.

1982–The U.S. Pentagon plans its first strategy to fight a nuclear war.

1982–Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, England.

1982–In the Falklands War, British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.

1982–Actress, Romy Schneider, dies of cardiac arrest in Paris, France, at age 43. It was suggested that she had committed suicide by taking a lethal cocktail of alcohol and sleeping pills. She appeared in the films The Last Man, Sissi, Scampolo, Christine, The Trial, The Victors, Good Neighbor Sam, What’s New Pussyct?, The Swimming Pool, and Death Watch.

1983–The Indianapolis 500: Tom Sneva wins in 3:05:03.

1984–Eric Morecambe, of the British comedy team Morecambe and Wise, dies of a heart attack in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England, at age 58. One of the most prominent comedians in British popular culture, he was named one of the “100 Greatest Britons” in a BBC poll in 2002.

1985–In the Heysel Stadium disaster in Brussels, Belgium, 39 association football fans die and hundreds of others are injured when a dilapidated retaining wall collapses.

1985–After 14 months, amputee, Steve Fonyo, completes a cross-Canada marathon at Victoria, British Columbia.

1986–The 59th National Spelling Bee: Jon Pennington wins, spelling odontalgia.

1987–Michael Jackson attempts to buy the remains of John Merrick, the Elephant Man, for $50,000.

1988–President Ronald Reagan begins his first visit to the Soviet Union, when he arrives in Moscow for a super power summit with Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev.

1989–An agreement is signed between Egypt and the United States, allowing parts of the F-16 jet fighter plane to be manufactured in Egypt.

1989–Great Falls, Montana, is blanketed with 12 inches of snow.

1989–The first grandchild of Elvis Presley, Danielle Riley Keough, is born to Lisa Marie Presley.

1989–John Cipollina, of Quicksilver Messenger Service, dies of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency in San Francisco, California, at age 45.

1990–Boris Yeltsin is elected President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic by the Russian Parliament.

1993–The Miss Sarajevo beauty pageant is held in war torn Sarajevo, drawing global attention to the plight of its citizens.

1994–The Indianapolis 500: Al Unser, Jr. wins in 3:06:29.

1997–Scientists announce a new human species in a 780,000-year-old fossil.

1997–70th National Spelling Bee: Rebecca Sealfon wins, spelling euonym.

1997–Singer, Jeff Buckley, drowns in the Mississippi River in Memphis, Tennessee, at age 30. After a decade as a session guitarist in Los Angeles, Buckley amassed a following in the early 1990s, by playing cover songs at venues in Manhattan's East Village, gradually focusing more on his own material. He recorded what would be his only studio album, Grace, in 1994.

1997–Television announcer, George Fenneman, dies of emphysema in Los Angeles, California, at age 77. He is best known as the announcer and good-natured sidekick for Groucho Marx's comedy-quiz show You Bet Your Life, which began in 1947 on radio and moved to television in 1950, where it remained on NBC for 11 years. Fenneman's mellifluous voice, clean-cut good looks, and gentlemanly manner provided the ideal foil for Marx's zany antics and bawdy ad libs.

1998–Politician, Barry Goldwater, dies of complications from the stroke in Paradise Valley, Arizona, at age 89. He was in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. Goldwater was a five-term U.S. Senator from Arizona (1953-1965 and 1969-1987) and the Republican Party's nominee for president in the 1964 election. Goldwater is most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s. He also had a substantial impact on the Libertarian movement.

1999–Olusegun Obasanjo takes office as President of Nigeria, the first elected and civilian head of state in Nigeria after 16 years of military rule.

1999–Space Shuttle Discovery completes the first docking with the International Space Station.

1999–The body of Philip “Taylor” Kramer is discovered in a valley in Malibu, California. The bass player for Iron Butterfly had been missing since 1995.

2001–The U.S. Supreme Court rules that disabled golfer, Casey Martin, can use a cart to ride in during tournaments.

2003–The 76th National Spelling Bee: Sai R. Gunturi wins, spelling pococurante.

2004–The National World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.

2005–France, one of the founders of a united Europe, rejects the European Constitution.

2005–The Indianapolis 500: Dan Wheldon wins in 3:10:21.

2006–America's Next Top Model winner, Adrianne Curry, marries child actor, Christopher Knight, in Joliet, Illinois.

2008–A 6.1 double earthquake strikes near Selfoss, Iceland, injuring 30 people.

2008–Comic actor, Harvey Korman, dies of complications from a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in Los Angeles, California, at age 81. He is best known for as a regular performer on the TV series The Carol Burnett Show. He appeared in the films Lord Love a Duck, Don’t Just Stand There, The April Fools, Blazing Saddles, High Anxiety, Herbie Goes Bananas, First Family, and History of the World, Part I.

2010–Actor, director, and artist, Dennis Hopper, dies of prostate cancer in Venice, California, at age 74. His funeral took place on June 3, 2010, at San Francisco de Asis Mission Church in Ranchos de Taos, New Mexico. He was buried in Jesus Nazareno Cemetery, Ranchos de Taos. He appeared in the films Rebel Without a Cause, Giant, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, The Story of Mankind, Sayonara, Night Tide, The Sons of Katie Elder, The Trip, Cool Hand Luke, The Glory Stompers, Hang ‘Em High, Panic in the City, Head, Easy Rider, True Grit, Kid Blue, Apocalypse Now, Rumble Fish, The Osterman Weekend, River's Edge, Blue Velvet, Hoosiers, Black Widow, The Pick-Up Artist, Flashback, Paris Trout, Red Rock West, True Romance, Speed, Waterworld, and EDtv.

2011–The Indianapolis 500: Dan Wheldon wins in 2:56:11.

2012–A 5.9 earthquake kills 24 people near Bologna, Italy.

2012–Bluegrass musician, Doc Watson, dies from complications following surgery in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, at age 89. He was a guitarist, songwriter, and singer of bluegrass, folk, country, blues, and gospel music.

2015–Michael Jackson's famed Neverland Ranch goes on the market for $100 million. Now called "Sycamore Valley Ranch," the 2,700-acre property in Los Olivos, California, was bought by the private investment firm Colony Capital in 2008, for $23.5 million. The property has 22 buildings in all, including two guest houses and a six-bedroom home. There is also a 50-seat movie theater, complete with trap doors on the stage for magic shows, the floral clock, and the train station.

2015–A volcano erupts on a remote Japanese island, blasting black smoke 29,000 feet into the sky and forcing residents to flee by boat and for an airline to re-route flights. Due to the volcano, a pyroclastic flow of super-heated gas and rock rolled down the side of Mount Shindake, on the southern island of Kuchinoerabujima, and into the ocean. Mount Shindake had been dormant for 34 years.

2015–The observatory at One World Trade Center officially opens to the public with a ribbon-cutting ceremony. Visitors will get a view of the city and its surroundings from above 1,250 feet, with sight lines stretching 50 miles past the Manhattan skyline and Statue of Liberty to the Atlantic Ocean. The observatory takes up levels 100, 101, and 102 of the building.

2015–Actress, Betsy Palmer, dies of natural causes in Danbury, Connecticut, at age 88. She was best known as a panelist on the 1950s TV game show I’ve Got a Secret. She appeared in the films The Long Gray Line, Mister Roberts, Queen Bee, The Tin Star, It Happened to Jane, Friday the 13th, and Goddess of Love.

2016–Gary Johnson, former Governor of New Mexico, secures the nomination for the Libertarian Party in the upcoming U.S. presidential election.

2016–Five United Nations peacekeepers are killed in an attack in central Mali.

2016–The Indianapolis 500: Alexander Rossi wins in 3:00:02.

2017–A female zookeeper is killed at Hamerton Zoo Park in Cambridgeshire, England, following an incident in the zoo's tiger enclosure.

2017–Former Panama leader, Manuel Noriega, dies of complications from brain surgery in Panama City, Republic of Panama, at age 83. He was a Panamanian politician and military officer. He was military dictator of Panama from 1983 to 1989, when he was removed from power by the United States during the invasion of Panama. In 1988, Noriega was indicted by the United States on drug trafficking charges in Miami, Florida. On September 16, 1992, he was sentenced to 40 years in prison, which was later reduced to 30 years.


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