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1964–The Beatles make their fourth appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. Their performance is a clip of the group singing You Can't Do That, which was filmed during the making of their movie A Hard Day's Night. The song was not included in the final film, giving Sullivan an exclusive. The clip was resurrected in the 1990s for inclusion in the documentary, Making of A Hard Day’s Night, which was narrated by Phil Collins.

BC 15–Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander, is born Nero Claudius Drusus in Rome, Italia, Roman Empire.

919–The nobles of Franconia and Saxony elect Henry the Fowler at the Imperial Diet in Fritzlar as king of the East Frankish Kingdom.

1086–Abbott Dauferio-Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III.

1136–Hugues de Payens, first Grand Master of the Knights Templar, dies in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, at age 66.

1153–David I of Scotland dies in Carlisle, North West England. Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland.

1218–The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt.

1276–Magnus Ladulas is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral.

1487–The ten-year-old, Lambert Simnel, is crowned in Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin, Ireland, with the name of Edward VI in a bid to threaten King Henry VII's reign.

1595–Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.

1607–One hundred English settlers disembark in Jamestown, the first English colony in America.

1621–The Protestant Union is formally dissolved.

1626–Peter Minuit buys the island of Manhattan.

1653–The German Parliament selects Ferdinand II as King of Austria.

1667–The French Royal Army crosses the border into the Spanish Netherlands, starting the War of Devolution opposing France to the Spanish Empire and the Triple Alliance.

1686–Physicist and engineer, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, is born in Danzig, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He developed the Fahrenheit scale of measuring temperature. A pioneer of exact thermometry, he is best known for inventing the mercury-in-glass thermometer (the first practical, accurate thermometer).

1689–The English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants.

1738–The Methodist Church is founded.

1798–The Irish Rebellion of 1798, led by the United Irishmen against British rule, begins.

1813–South American independence leader, Simón Bolívar, enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator").

1819–Alexandrina Victoria, Queen of Great Britain (1837-1901), is born at Kensington Palace, London, England. She would reign for 63 years, holding the record for the longest-reigning queen in the world. The duration of her reign is called the Victorian era, which was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, along with a great expansion of the British Empire.

1830–Mary Had a Little Lamb, by Sarah Josepha Hale, is published.

1830–The first revenue trains in the United States begin service on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Baltimore and Ellicott's Mills, Maryland.

1832–The First Kingdom of Greece is declared in the London Conference.

1844–Samuel F.B. Morse opens America's first telegraph line between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Maryland, with the message, “What hath God wrought!”

1856–John Brown and his men kill five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas.

1862–The Westminster Bridge opens across the Thames River in London, England.

1883–The Brooklyn Bridge is opened between lower Manhattan and Brooklyn, New York.

1890–The Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London, England.

1893–The Niagara Falls Park and River Railway opens in Ontario, Canada.

1895–Millionaire publisher, Samuel I. Newhouse, is born Solomon Isadore Neuhaus in New York, New York. He published the magazines Parade, House & Garden, Vogue, and Glamour.

1899–The first auto repair shop and public parking garage in the U.S. open in Boston, Massachusetts.

1900–The United Kingdom annexes the Orange Free State.

1912–Photographer, Dezo Hoffman, is born Dezider Hoffmann in Banská Stiavnica, Slovakia. In 1955, he began his collaboration with Record Mirror magazine, which was the start of his career photographing show business celebrities. In 1962, Hoffman befriended The Beatles when they first came to London, and he took more photos of the group during their early career than any other photographer. Hoffman’s Beatles photos were eventually acquired by Apple. Dezo's archive of approximately one million photographs of countless pop musicians and entertainment personalities was acquired by Rex Features.

1915–Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary, joining the conflict of World War I on the side of the Allies.

1915–Thomas Edison invents a telescribe to record telephone conversations.

1928–Typestyle designer, Andrian Frutiger, is born in Unterseen, Bern, Switzerland. He influenced the direction of type design in the second half of the 20th century and beyond. His career spanned the hot metal, phototypesetting, and digital typesetting eras. Frutiger's most famous designs, Univers, Frutiger and Avenir, are landmark sans-serif families spanning the three main genres of sans-serif typefaces: neogrotesque, humanist, and geometric.

1928–Novelist, playwright, and short story writer, William Trevor, is born William Trevor Cox in Mitchelstown, County Cork, Ireland. One of the elder statesmen of the Irish literary world, he was widely regarded as one of the greatest contemporary writers of short stories in the English language.

1929–The Marx Brothers' first movie, The Cocoanuts, has its premiere in New York City.

1930–Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Northern Territory, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia.

1935–The first night game in Major League Baseball history is played at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, Ohio, with the Cincinnati Reds beating the Philadelphia Phillies 2 to 1.

1935–Film director, Joan Micklin Silver, is born in Omaha, Nebraska. Her films include Hunger Point, Big Girls Don’t Cry They Get Even, Loverboy, Crossing Delancey, Finnegan Begin Again, Head Over Heels, Between the Lines, and Hester Street.

1938–Singer-songwriter, Prince Buster, is born Cecil Bustamente Campbell in Kingston, Jamaica. The records he released in the 1960s, influenced and shaped the course of Jamaican contemporary music and created a legacy of work that would be drawn upon later by reggae and ska artists.

1938–Comedian-actor, Tommy Chong, of Cheech & Chong, is born in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

1940–Igor Sikorsky performs the first successful single-rotor helicopter flight.

1940–Acting on the orders of Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, NKVD agent, Iosif Grigulevich, orchestrates an unsuccessful assassination attempt on exiled Russian revolutionary, Leon Trotsky, in Coyoacán, Mexico.

1940–Actor, Gary Burghoff, is born in Bristol, Connecticut. He is best known for the role of Radar on the long-running TV series M*A*S*H.

1941–In the Battle of the Atlantic, the German Battleship Bismarck sinks then-pride of the Royal Navy, HMS Hood, killing all but three crewmen..

1941–Folksinger, Bob Dylan, is born Robert Allen Zimmerman in Duluth, Minnesota. He took his last name from the poet, Dylan Thomas. His hits include The Times They Are A-Changin', Like a Rolling Stone, Rainy Day Women #12 & 35, Lay Lady Lay, and Tangled Up in Blue. As a member of The Traveling Wilburys (along with George Harrison, Tom Petty, Roy Orbison and Jeff Lynne), he recorded the song, End of the Line. He also appeared as an actor in the movie Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid in 1973. Considered the highest regarded poet of his time, many of his songs are classics, which were recorded by many other artists. Some of his best known songs include, Mr. Tambourine Man, It Ain’t Me Babe, The Mighty Quinn, Blowin’ in the Wind, and Don’t Think Twice. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, and received a Lifetime Achievement Grammy in 1991. Bob Dylan was highly respected by The Beatles, and was a personal friend to them all, especially George Harrison and John Lennon, who both borrowed from Dylan’s style for some of their own recordings with The Beatles and as solo artists.

1943–Josef Mengele becomes Chief Medical Officer at the Auschwitz concentration camp.

1944–R&B singer, Patti LaBelle, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She had the big hit Lady Marmalade, with the group, LaBelle.

1945–Priscilla Beaulieu is born in Brooklyn, New York. At age 15, she would meet her future husband, Elvis Presley, while he was stationed in Germany during his stint with the U.S. Army.

1946–Transjordan (present-day Jordan) becomes a kingdom, with King Abdulla Ibn Ul-Hussein as the new Monarch.

1946–The 19th National Spelling Bee: John McKinney wins, spelling flaccid.

1947–Cynthia "Plaster Caster” is born Cynthia Albritton in Chicago, Illinois. She was a notorious groupie who took plaster casts of the genitals of rock stars.

1949–The Soviet Union ends the 11-month Berlin Blockade.

1949–Actor, Jim Broadbent, is born in Holton cum Beckering, England. He appeared in the films The Go-Between, The Shout, The Passage, Time Bandits, Birth of a Nation, Brazil, Erik the Viking, Enchanted April, The Crying Game, Bullets over Broadway, Princess Caraboo, Widows' Peak, Richard III, Little Voice, Bridget Jones's Diary, Moulin Rouge!, Iris, Gangs of New York, Nicholas Nickleby, Vanity Fair, Vera Drake, and The Iron Lady.

1951–The U.S. conducts an atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.

1952–Actress, Sybil Danning, is born Sybille Johanna Danninger in Wels, Upper Austria, Austria. She appeared in the films Eye of the Labyrinth, Bluebeard, Operation Thunderbolt, The Concorde... Airport ‘79, Meteor, Battle Beyond the Stars, and Amazon Women on the Moon.

1953–Actor, Alfred Molina, is born in Paddington, London, England. He appeared in the films Raiders of the Lost Ark, Ladyhawke, Enchanted April, Prick Up Your Ears, Not Without My Daughter, Maverick, The Perez Family. Boogie Nights, Magnolia, Chocolat, Frida, and The Da Vinci Code.

1954–IBM announces a vacuum tube "electronic" brain that can perform 10 million operations an hour.

1955–Country singer, Rosanne Cash, is born in Memphis, Tennessee. She is the daughter of country singer, Johnny Cash.

1956–The conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council takes place on Wesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbna.

1956–The first Eurovision Song Contest is held in Lugano, Switzerland.

1956–Actor, Guy (Bridges) Kibbee, dies from complications of Parkinson's disease in East Islip, New York, at age 74. In the 1930s, Kibbee moved to California and became part of Warner Bros.' stock company, contracted actors who were cast in different productions in supporting roles. He appeared in the films 42nd Street, Footlight Parade, Little Lord Fauntleroy, Babes in Arms, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Our Town, and The Horn Blows at Midnight.

1958–The United Press and the International News Service merge to form United Press International.

1959–John Foster Dulles, U.S. Secretary of State (1953-1959), dies of colon cancer in Washington, D.C., at age 71.

1961–Freedom Riders of the civil rights movement are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi, for "disturbing the peace" after disembarking from their bus.

1961–Cyprus joins the Council of Europe.

1962–Mercury astronaut, Scott Carpenter, orbits the Earth three times in the Aurora 7 space capsule.

1962–Actor and dancer, Gene Anthony Ray, is born Eugene Anthony Ray in Harlem, New York. He is best known for the role of Leroy Johnson in the film Fame (and the 1982-1987 TV series of the same name).

1963–Bluesman, Elmore James, dies of a heart attack in Chicago, Illinois, at age 45. He was probably the most influential electric blues guitarist of all time. More than 400 blues musicians attended his funeral.

1964–The Beatles make their fourth appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. Their performance is a clip of the group singing You Can't Do That, which was filmed during the making of their movie A Hard Day's Night. The song was not included in the final film, giving Sullivan an exclusive. The clip was resurrected in the 1990s for inclusion in the documentary, Making of A Hard Day’s Night, which was narrated by Phil Collins.

1965–Beatle John Lennon's second book of prose, A Spaniard in the Works, is published.

1967–Egypt imposes a blockade and siege of the Red Sea coast of Israel.

1967–Rapper, Heavy D, is born Dwight Errington Myers in Mandeville, Jamaica.

1968–The Gateway Arch is dedicated in St. Louis, Missouri.

1968–Mick Jagger and Marianne Faithfull are arrested on charges of marijuana possession.

1968–FLQ separatists bomb the U.S. consulate in Quebec City, Canada.

1970–The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the Soviet Union.

1970–Singer, Tommy Page, is born Thomas Alden Page in Glen Ridge, New Jersey. He is best known for his 1990 hit single I'll Be Your Everything. In 2011, after a successful stint as an executive at Warner Bros. Records, where he helped to shape the careers of Michael Bublé, Alanis Morissette, Josh Groban, and Green Day, he joined Billboard magazine as publisher.

1972–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1974–Jazz bandleader, Duke Ellington, dies of complications from lung cancer and pneumonia in New York, New York, at age 75. Often collaborating with others, Ellington wrote more than 1,000 compositions and his extensive body of work is the largest recorded personal jazz legacy, with many of his works having become standards. He is best known for his 1930 recording Mood Indigo.

1976–In the “Judgment of Paris,” wine testers rate wines from California higher than their French counterparts, challenging the notion of France being the foremost producer of the world's best wines.

1976–Concorde air service from London, England, to Washington, D.C., begins.

1976–Muhammad Ali defeats Richard Dunn in Round 5 for the Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1977–USSR President Podgorny resigns.

1979–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1980–The Stanley Cup: The New York Islanders beat the Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 2.

1981–Ecuadorian President, Jaime Roldós Aguilera, his wife, and his presidential committee die in an aircraft accident while traveling from Quito to Zapotillo.

1981–The Indianapolis 500: Bobby Unser wins in 3:35:41.

1982–Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran-Iraq War.

1984–Tarot card reader, John Green, publishes a so-called memoir, Dakota Days, intended as a tell-all expose of John Lennon’s final years. Green did indeed read cards for John and Yoko (mostly Yoko), but his book is filled with outlandish anecdotes of incidents that most likely did not happen.

1985–A cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing 10,000 people.

1986–Margaret Thatcher becomes the first British Prime Minister to visit Israel.

1986–The Stanley Cup: The Montreal Canadiens beat the Calgary Flames, 4 games to 1.

1986–Champion rodeo rider, Yakima Canutt, dies in North Hollywood, California, at age 90. He was also a stuntman and appeared in the films Stagecoach, Gone With the Wind, Ivanhoe, Old Yeller, Ben-Hur, Swiss Family Robinson, El Cid, Cat Ballou, A Man Called Horse, and Rio Lobo.

1987–The Indianapolis 500: Al Unser wins in 3:04:59.

1987–Actress, Hermione Gingold, dies of pneumonia in New York, New York, at age 89. She appeared in the films The Pickwick Papers, Around the World in 80 Days, Gigi, Bell Book and Candle, The Music Man, I’d Rather Be Rich, Do Not Disturb, Promise Her Anything, Munster Go Home!, and Garbo Talks.

1988–John Moschitta sets a record for fast talking at 586 words-per-minute.

1988–Singer, Billy Gilman, is born William Wendell Gilman III in Westerly, Rhode Island. Starting as a young country artist, he is known for his debut single, One Voice, a "Top 40" hit on the Billboard Hot 100 and a "Top 20" hit on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart in 2000. In 2016, Gilman auditioned for season 11 of the TV show, The Voice, and competed as part of Team Adam, finishing as runner-up for the season.

1990–Severe thunderstorms spawn two dozen tornadoes from Montana to Oklahoma. Four tornadoes carve a 109-mile path across central Kansas. The third of the four tornadoes blows 88 cars of an 125-car train off the track, stacking them three to four cars high. Six people who are trying to escape in vehicles are injured. One woman is sucked out of a truck and is "airborne, trying to run, but my feet wouldn't touch the ground.” She also saw a live deer "flying through the air."

1990–The Stanley Cup: The Edmonton Oilers beat the Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1.

1991–Israel conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel.

1991–Gene Clark, of the The Byrds, dies of natural causes in Sherman Oaks, California, at age 46. He was The Byrds' principal songwriter between 1964 and early 1966, writing most of the band's best-known originals from that period.

1992–The last Thai dictator, General Suchinda Kraprayoon, resigns following pro-democracy protests.

1992–The ethnic cleansing in Kozarac, Bosnia, and Herzegovina begins when Serbian militia and police forces arrive.

1992–Jay Leno makes his debut on The Tonight Show as permanent host, succeeding Johnny Carson.

1992–The Indianapolis 500: Al Unser, Jr. wins in 3:43:05.

1993–Microsoft unveils Windows NT.

1993–Eritrea gains its independence from Ethiopia.

1994–Four men convicted of bombing New York's World Trade Center in 1993, are each sentenced to 240 years in prison.

1995–Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister (1964-1970 and 1974-1976), dies of colon cancer and Alzheimer's disease in London, England, at age 79.

1997–Actor, Tim Allen, is arrested for drunk driving in Michigan.

1997–Actor, Edward Mulhare, dies of lung cancer Van Nuys, California, at age 74. He is best known for his starring roles in two television series: The Ghost & Mrs. Muir and Knight Rider. He appeared in the films Von Ryan’s Express, Our Man Flint, and Caprice.

1998–The Indianapolis 500: Eddie Cheever, Jr. wins in 3:26:40.

1999–The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (in The Hague, Netherlands) indicts Slobodan Milosevic and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.

2000–Israeli troops withdraw from southern Lebanon after 22 years of occupation.

2001–The Democratic Party gains control of the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1994, when Senator James Jeffords, of Vermont, abandons the Republican Party and declares himself to be an Independent.

2001–Temba Tsheri, a 16-year-old Sherpa, becomes the youngest person to climb to the top of Mount Everest.

2002–Russia and the United States sign the Moscow Treaty.

2003–Paul McCartney visits with Russian Premier, Vladimir Putin, then heads to Red Square for his very first performance in Russia for an audience of 20,000.

2004–North Korea bans mobile phones.

2008–Comedian, Dick Martin, of Rowen & Martin’s Laugh-In, dies of breathing complications in Santa Monica, California, at age 86. He had lost one of his lungs as a teenager.

2008–Keyboardist, Jimmy McGriff, dies from complications of multiple sclerosis in Voorhees Township, New Jersey, at age 73. He was best known for his distinctive style of playing the Hammond B-3 organ.

2009–The Indianapolis 500: Hélio Castroneves wins in 3:19:34.

2013–Drummer, Ed Shaughnessy, dies of a heart attack in Calabasas, California, at age 84. He was a swing and bebop drummer, best known for his long association with Doc Severinsen and The Tonight Show Band on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.

2013–Director, screenwriter, and cinematographer, Pyotr Todorovsky, dies in Moscow, Russian Federation, at age 87. His films include Faithfulness, Magician, Urban Romance, It Was in May, Wartime Romance, and Waiting for Love.

2014–A 6.4 earthquake occurs in the Aegean Sea, between Greece and Turkey, injuring 324 people.

2014–At least three people are killed in a shooting at the Jewish Museum of Belgium in Brussels, Belgium.

2014–Rapper and record producer, Kanye West, marries model, Kim Kardashian, at Fort di Belvedere in Florence, Italy.

2015–The Indianapolis 500: Juan Palbo Montoya wins in 3:05:56.

2016–A court in the state of Pennsylvania finds that there is enough evidence to hold entertainer Bill Cosby on felony indecent assault charges in relation to the case of Andrea Constand vs. William H. Cosby, Jr.

2016–Google's offices in central Paris, France, are raided by French finance officials as part of a tax fraud investigation. Google is accused of owing $1.8 billion in unpaid taxes.

2016–U.S. backed Syrian Democratic Forces, led by Kurdish forces, launch an operation to capture Al-Raqqah, the de-facto capital of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). The force is more than 50,000 strong.

2017–Moody's Investors Service downgrades the credit rating of the People's Republic of China from AA3 to A1.

2017–Actor, Jared Martin, dies of pancreatic cancer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at age 75. He is best known for the role of Steven "Dusty" Farlow in the TV series Dallas. He also appeared in The Partridge Family, Night Gallery, Columbo, The Rookies, CHIPs, Fantasy Island, The Love Boat, and Murder, She Wrote.

2018–North Korea sets off a series of explosions to demolish the Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site in order to build confidence before the scheduled summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un. But on the same day, President Trump cancels the scheduled summit meeting, citing "tremendous anger and open hostility" in a recent statement by North Korea. Trump states that a summit can still happen, but warns that the military is ready if needed.

2018–The U.S. Justice Department opens a criminal probe into whether traders are manipulating the price of Bitcoin and other digital currencies, dramatically ratcheting up U.S. scrutiny of red-hot markets that critics say are rife with misconduct.

2018–A gunman opens fire in an Oklahoma City restaurant and two people are injured. The gunman dies at the scene when exchanging fire with an armed man.


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