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1964–The Beatles make their fourth appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. Their performance is a clip of the group singing You Can't Do That, which was filmed during the making of their movie A Hard Day's Night. The song was not included in the final film, giving Sullivan an exclusive. The clip was resurrected in the 1990s for inclusion in the documentary, Making of A Hard Day’s Night, which was narrated by Phil Collins.

BC 15–Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander, is born.

1086–Abbott Dauferio-Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III.

1153–Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland.

1218–The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt.

1276–Magnus Ladulas is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral.

1487–The ten-year-old, Lambert Simnel, is crowned in Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin, Ireland, with the name of Edward VI in a bid to threaten King Henry VII's reign.

1595–Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.

1607–One hundred English settlers disembark in Jamestown, the first English colony in America.

1621–The Protestant Union is formally dissolved.

1626–Peter Minuit buys the island of Manhattan.

1653–The German Parliament selects Ferdinand II as King of Austria.

1689–The English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants.

1738–The Methodist Church is founded.

1738–George III, King of Great Britain (1760-1820), is born.

1753–Oliver Cromwell is born in Burlington, New Jersey.

1798–The Irish Rebellion of 1798, led by the United Irishmen against British rule, begins.

1813–South American independence leader, Simón Bolívar, enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator").

1819–Alexandrina Victoria, Queen of Great Britain (1837-1901), is born at Kensington Palace, London, England. She would reign for 63 years, holding the record for the longest-reigning queen in the world. The duration of her reign is called the Victorian era, which was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, along with a great expansion of the British Empire.

1830–Mary Had a Little Lamb, by Sarah Josepha Hale, is published.

1830–The first revenue trains in the United States begin service on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Baltimore and Ellicott's Mills, Maryland.

1832–The First Kingdom of Greece is declared in the London Conference.

1844–Samuel F.B. Morse opens America's first telegraph line between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Maryland, with the message, “What hath God wrought!”

1856–John Brown and his men kill five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas.

1862–The Westminster Bridge opens across the Thames River in London, England.

1883–The Brooklyn Bridge is opened between lower Manhattan and Brooklyn, New York.

1890–The Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London, England.

1893–The Niagara Falls Park and River Railway opens in Ontario, Canada.

1895–Millionaire publisher, Samuel I. Newhouse, is born. He published the magazines Parade, Vogue, and Glamour.

1899–The first auto repair shop and public parking garage in the U.S. open in Boston, Massachusetts.

1900–The United Kingdom annexes the Orange Free State.

1912–Photographer, Dezo Hoffman, is born Dezider Hoffmann in Banská Stiavnica, Slovakia. In 1955, he began his collaboration with Record Mirror magazine, which was the start of his career photographing show business celebrities. In 1962, Hoffman befriended The Beatles when they first came to London, and he took more photos of the group during their early career than any other photographer. Hoffman’s Beatles photos were eventually acquired by Apple. Dezo's archive of approximately one million photographs of countless pop musicians and entertainment personalities was acquired by Rex Features.

1915–Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary, joining the conflict of World War I on the side of the Allies.

1915–Thomas Edison invents a telescribe to record telephone conversations.

1929–The Marx Brothers' first movie, The Cocoanuts, has its premiere in New York City.

1930–Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Northern Territory, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia.

1935–The first night game in Major League Baseball history is played at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, Ohio, with the Cincinnati Reds beating the Philadelphia Phillies 2 to 1.

1935–Film director, Joan Micklin Silver, is born.

1938–Comedian-actor, Tommy Chong, of Cheech & Chong, is born in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

1940–Igor Sikorsky performs the first successful single-rotor helicopter flight.

1940–Acting on the orders of Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, NKVD agent, Iosif Grigulevich, orchestrates an unsuccessful assassination attempt on exiled Russian revolutionary, Leon Trotsky, in Coyoacán, Mexico.

1940–Actor, Gary Burghoff, is born in Bristol, Connecticut. He is best known for the role of Radar on the long-running TV series M*A*S*H.

1941–In the Battle of the Atlantic, the German Battleship Bismarck sinks then-pride of the Royal Navy, HMS Hood, killing all but three crewmen..

1941–Folksinger, Bob Dylan, is born Robert Allen Zimmerman in Duluth, Minnesota. He took his last name from the poet, Dylan Thomas. His hits include The Times They Are A-Changin', Like a Rolling Stone, Rainy Day Women #12 & 35, Lay Lady Lay, and Tangled Up in Blue. As a member of The Traveling Wilburys (along with George Harrison, Tom Petty, Roy Orbison and Jeff Lynne), he recorded the song, End of the Line. He also appeared as an actor in the movie Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid in 1973. Considered the highest regarded poet of his time, many of his songs are classics, which were recorded by many other artists. Some of his best known songs include, Mr. Tambourine Man, It Ain’t Me Babe, The Mighty Quinn, Blowin’ in the Wind, and Don’t Think Twice. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, and received a Lifetime Achievement Grammy in 1991. Bob Dylan was highly respected by The Beatles, and was a personal friend to them all, especially George Harrison and John Lennon, who both borrowed from Dylan’s style for some of their own recordings with The Beatles and as solo artists.

1943–Josef Mengele becomes Chief Medical Officer at the Auschwitz concentration camp.

1944–R&B singer, Patti LaBelle, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She had the big hit Lady Marmalade, with the group, LaBelle.

1945–Priscilla Beaulieu is born in Brooklyn, New York. At age 15, she would meet her future husband, Elvis Presley, while he was stationed in Germany during his stint with the U.S. Army.

1946–Transjordan (present-day Jordan) becomes a kingdom, with King Abdulla Ibn Ul-Hussein as the new Monarch.

1946–The 19th National Spelling Bee: John McKinney wins, spelling flaccid.

1947–Cynthia "Plaster Caster” is born. She was a notorious groupie who took plaster casts of the genitals of rock stars.

1949–The Soviet Union ends the 11-month Berlin Blockade.

1949–Actor, Jim Broadbent, is born.

1951–The U.S. conducts an atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.

1952–Actress, Sybil Danning, is born Sybille Johanna Danninger in Wels, Upper Austria, Austria. She appeared in the films Eye of the Labyrinth, Bluebeard, Operation Thunderbolt, The Concorde... Airport ‘79, Meteor, Battle Beyond the Stars, and Amazon Women on the Moon.

1953–Actor, Alfred Molina, is born in London, England. He appeared in the films Enchanted April, Prick Up Your Ears, and Not Without My Daughter.

1954–IBM announces a vacuum tube "electronic" brain that can perform 10 million operations an hour.

1955–Country singer, Rosanne Cash, is born in Memphis, Tennessee. She is the daughter of country singer, Johnny Cash.

1956–The conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council takes place on Wesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbna.

1956–Actor, Guy (Bridges) Kibbee, dies from complications of Parkinson's disease in East Islip, New York, at age 74. In the 1930s, Kibbee moved to California and became part of Warner Bros.' stock company, contracted actors who were cast in different productions in supporting roles. He appeared in the films 42nd Street, Footlight Parade, Little Lord Fauntleroy, Babes in Arms, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Our Town, and The Horn Blows at Midnight.

1958–The United Press and the International News Service merge to form United Press International.

1959–John Foster Dulles, U.S. Secretary of State (1953-1959), dies at age 71.

1961–Freedom Riders of the civil rights movement are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi, for "disturbing the peace" after disembarking from their bus.

1961–Cyprus joins the Council of Europe.

1962–Mercury astronaut, Scott Carpenter, orbits the Earth three times in the Aurora 7 space capsule.

1962–Actor and dancer, Gene Anthony Ray, is born Eugene Anthony Ray in Harlem, New York. He is best known for the role of Leroy Johnson in the film Fame (and the 1982-1987 TV series of the same name).

1963–Bluesman, Elmore James, dies of a heart attack in Chicago, Illinois, at age 45. He was probably the most influential electric blues guitarist of all time. More than 400 blues musicians attended his funeral.

1964–The Beatles make their fourth appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. Their performance is a clip of the group singing You Can't Do That, which was filmed during the making of their movie A Hard Day's Night. The song was not included in the final film, giving Sullivan an exclusive. The clip was resurrected in the 1990s for inclusion in the documentary, Making of A Hard Day’s Night, which was narrated by Phil Collins.

1965–Beatle John Lennon's second book of prose, A Spaniard in the Works, is published.

1967–Egypt imposes a blockade and siege of the Red Sea coast of Israel.

1967–Rapper, Heavy D, is born.

1968–The Gateway Arch is dedicated in St. Louis, Missouri.

1968–Mick Jagger and Marianne Faithfull are arrested on charges of marijuana possession.

1968–FLQ separatists bomb the U.S. consulate in Quebec City, Canada.

1970–The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the Soviet Union.

1972–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1974–Jazz bandleader, Duke Ellington, dies of complications from lung cancer and pneumonia in New York, New York, at age 75. Often collaborating with others, Ellington wrote more than 1,000 compositions and his extensive body of work is the largest recorded personal jazz legacy, with many of his works having become standards. He is best known for his 1930 recording Mood Indigo.

1976–In the “Judgment of Paris,” wine testers rate wines from California higher than their French counterparts, challenging the notion of France being the foremost producer of the world's best wines.

1976–Concorde air service from London, England, to Washington, D.C., begins.

1976–Muhammad Ali defeats Richard Dunn in Round 5 for the Heavyweight Boxing Championship.

1977–USSR President Podgorny resigns.

1979–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1980–The Stanley Cup: The New York Islanders beat the Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 2.

1981–Ecuadorian President, Jaime Roldós Aguilera, his wife, and his presidential committee die in an aircraft accident while traveling from Quito to Zapotillo.

1981–The Indianapolis 500: Bobby Unser wins in 3:35:41.

1982–Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran-Iraq War.

1984–Tarot card reader, John Green, publishes a so-called memoir, Dakota Days, intended as a tell-all expose of John Lennon’s final years. Green did indeed read cards for John and Yoko (mostly Yoko), but his book is filled with outlandish anecdotes of incidents that most likely did not happen.

1985–A cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing 10,000 people.

1986–Margaret Thatcher becomes the first British Prime Minister to visit Israel.

1986–The Stanley Cup: The Montreal Canadiens beat the Calgary Flames, 4 games to 1.

1986–Yakima Canutt dies.

1987–The Indianapolis 500: Al Unser wins in 3:04:59.

1987–Actress, Hermione Gingold, dies at age 89. She appeared in the films Gigi, The Music Man, and Do Not Disturb.

1988–John Moschitta sets a record for fast talking at 586 words-per-minute.

1990–Severe thunderstorms spawn two dozen tornadoes from Montana to Oklahoma. Four tornadoes carve a 109-mile path across central Kansas. The third of the four tornadoes blows 88 cars of an 125-car train off the track, stacking them three to four cars high. Six people who are trying to escape in vehicles are injured. One woman is sucked out of a truck and is "airborne, trying to run, but my feet wouldn't touch the ground.” She also saw a live deer "flying through the air."

1990–The Stanley Cup: The Edmonton Oilers beat the Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1.

1991–Israel conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel.

1991–Gene Clark, of the The Byrds, dies of natural causes in Sherman Oaks, California, at age 46.

1992–The last Thai dictator, General Suchinda Kraprayoon, resigns following pro-democracy protests.

1992–The ethnic cleansing in Kozarac, Bosnia, and Herzegovina begins when Serbian militia and police forces arrive.

1992–Jay Leno makes his debut on The Tonight Show as permanent host, succeeding Johnny Carson.

1992–The Indianapolis 500: Al Unser, Jr. wins in 3:43:05.

1993–Microsoft unveils Windows NT.

1993–Eritrea gains its independence from Ethiopia.

1994–Four men convicted of bombing New York's World Trade Center in 1993, are each sentenced to 240 years in prison.

1995–Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister (1964-1970 and 1974-1976), dies of colon cancer and Alzheimer's disease in London, England, at age 79.

1997–Actor, Tim Allen, is arrested for drunk driving in Michigan.

1997–Actor, Edward Mulhare, dies of lung cancer Van Nuys, California, at age 74. He is best known for his starring roles in two television series: The Ghost & Mrs. Muir and Knight Rider. He appeared in the films Von Ryan’s Express, Our Man Flint, and Caprice.

1998–The Indianapolis 500: Eddie Cheever, Jr. wins in 3:26:40.

1999–The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (in The Hague, Netherlands) indicts Slobodan Milosevic and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.

2000–Israeli troops withdraw from southern Lebanon after 22 years of occupation.

2001–The Democratic Party gains control of the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1994, when Senator James Jeffords, of Vermont, abandons the Republican Party and declares himself to be an Independent.

2001–Temba Tsheri, a 16-year-old Sherpa, becomes the youngest person to climb to the top of Mount Everest.

2002–Russia and the United States sign the Moscow Treaty.

2003–Paul McCartney visits with Russian Premier, Vladimir Putin, then heads to Red Square for his very first performance in Russia for an audience of 20,000.

2004–North Korea bans mobile phones.

2008–Comedian, Dick Martin, of Rowen & Martin’s Laugh-In, dies of breathing complications in Santa Monica, California, at age 86. He had lost one of his lungs as a teenager.

2008–Keyboardist, Jimmy McGriff, dies from complications of multiple sclerosis in Voorhees Township, New Jersey, at age 73. He was best known for his distinctive style of playing the Hammond B-3 organ.

2009–The Indianapolis 500: Hélio Castroneves wins in 3:19:34.

2013–Drummer, Ed Shaughnessy, dies of a heart attack in Calabasas, California, at age 84. He was a swing and bebop drummer, best known for his long association with Doc Severinsen and The Tonight Show Band on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.

2014–A 6.4 earthquake occurs in the Aegean Sea, between Greece and Turkey, injuring 324 people.

2014–At least three people are killed in a shooting at the Jewish Museum of Belgium in Brussels, Belgium.

2014–Rapper and record producer, Kanye West, marries model, Kim Kardashian, at Fort di Belvedere in Florence, Italy.

2015–The Indianapolis 500: Juan Palbo Montoya wins in 3:05:56.

2016–A court in the state of Pennsylvania finds that there is enough evidence to hold entertainer Bill Cosby on felony indecent assault charges in relation to the case of Andrea Constand vs. William H. Cosby, Jr.

2016–Google's offices in central Paris, France, are raided by French finance officials as part of a tax fraud investigation. Google is accused of owing $1.8 billion in unpaid taxes.

2016–U.S. backed Syrian Democratic Forces, led by Kurdish forces, launch an operation to capture Al-Raqqah, the de-facto capital of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). The force is more than 50,000 strong.


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