337Constantine the Great, Emperor of Rome (306-337), dies at age 47.
748Empress Gensho of Japan dies at age 68.
987Louis V le Faineant, King of France (986-987), is poisoned at age 20.
1068Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan dies at age 43.
1130Pope Honorius II dies in Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire.
1200King John of England and King Philip II of France sign the Treaty of Le Goulet.
1246Henry Raspe is elected anti-king of the Kingdom of Germany, in opposition to Conrad IV.
1254Serbian King, Stefan Uros I, and the Republic of Venice sign a peace treaty.
1370Several Jews are executed or killed and the rest of the Jewish community is banished from Brussels, Belgium.
1377Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian, John Wycliffe.
1455At the First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeats and captures King Henry VI of England.
1629Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II, and Danish King, Christian IV, sign the Treaty of Lübeck to end the Danish intervention in the Thirty Years' War.
1667Pope Alexander VII, (1655-1667), dies in Rome, Papal States, at age 68.
1732Martha Washington, the first First Lady (1789-1797) and wife of President George Washington, dies in Mount Vernon, Virginia, at age 70.
1761The first life insurance policy in the U.S. is issued in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1762Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg.
1762Trevi Fountain is officially completed and inaugurated by Pope Clemens XIII in Rome, Italy.
1770Princess Elizabeth, of the United Kingdom, is born.
1799Napoleon makes a statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for the Jews.
1803Americas first public library opens in the state of Connecticut.
1804The Lewis and Clark Expedition officially begins as the Corps of Discovery depart from St. Charles, Missouri.
1807A grand jury indicts former Vice President of the United States, Aaron Burr, on a charge of treason. Burr had apparently schemed to establish an independent nation comprised of Mexico and parts of the Louisiana Territory.
1807Townsend Speakman, of Phildadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the first to sell fruit-flavored, carbonated drinks.
1807Most of Chudleigh, England, is destroyed by fire.
1813Composer, (Wilhelm) Richard Wagner, is born in Leipzig, Germany. Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. His Tristan und Isolde is sometimes described as marking the start of modern music.
1816A mob in Littleport, Cambridgeshire, England, riots over high unemployment and rising grain costs, and the rioting spreads to Ely the next day.
1819The SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia, on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. The ship arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 20th.
1826The HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage.
1840The transportation of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.
1843Thousands of people, and their cattle, headed west via wagon train from Independence, Missouri, to what would later become the Oregon Territory. It was part of the Great Migration. They followed what is now known as the Oregon Trail.
1844American painter and printmaker, Mary Stevenson Cassatt, is born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. She would live much of her adult life in France. After her works were rejected by the Salon, Edgar Degas invited her to exhibit with the Impressionists. Her subjects were often the private moments and relationships between women.
1848Slavery is abolished in Martinique.
1849Future President, Abraham Lincoln, is issued a patent for an invention to lift boats over obstacles in a river, making him the only U.S. President to ever hold a patent.
1856U.S. Congressman Preston Brooks, of South Carolina, beats U.S. Senator Charles Sumner with a cane in the hall of the U.S. Senate, because of a speech Sumner had made attacking Southerners who sympathized with the pro-slavery violence in Kansas.
1858The Granadine Confederation (present-day Colombia and Panama) replaces the Republic of New Granada.
1859Writer, Arthur Conan Doyle, is born in Edinburgh, Scotland. He graduated from Edinburgh University with his degree in medicine, and practiced in the city and onboard ships during the Boar War. He is most associated with the series of books he wrote involving his characters Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson.
1859Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies dies from a bayonet wound in Caserta, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, at age 49.
1868The Great Train Robbery occurs near Marshfield, Indiana, as seven members of the Reno Gang get away with $96,000.
1871The U.S. Army closes Fort Kearny soon after the First Transcontinental Railroad is completed.
1872President Ulysses S. Grant signs the Amnesty Act into law, restoring full civil and political rights to all but about 500 Confederate sympathizers.
1877The 3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker, riding Baden-Baden, wins in 2:38.
1885Poet, playwright, and novelist, Victor Hugo, dies of pneumonia in Paris, France, at age 83. His death generated intense national mourning. He was not only revered as a towering figure in literature, but he was also a statesman who shaped the Third Republic and democracy in France. More than two million people joined his funeral procession in Paris, from the Arc de Triomphe to the Panthéon, where he was buried. He shares a crypt with Alexandre Dumas and Émile Zola.
1888Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers.
1888Archbishop, Jean-Baptiste Lamy, dies in Santa Fe, New Mexico, at age 73.
1892Dr. Washington Sheffield invents the collapsible toothpaste tube.
1895Philosopher, Jiddu Krishnamurti, is born in India.
1897The Blackwall Tunnel under the River Thames is officially opened in England.
1900The Associated Press organizes in New York City as a non-profit news cooperative.
1906The Wright Brothers register a patent for an aeroplane.
1906The X Summer Olympic Games open in Athens, Greece.
1906Comic actor, Harry Ritz, of The Ritz Brothers, is born.
1907Actor and director, Laurence Olivier, is born in Surrey, England. His father was a strict Anglican clergyman, but when he saw that the boy had talent, he made him stay in England and study to become an actor. Olivier made his stage debut playing Brutus at a choir school in London. He appeared in the films Rebecca, The Entertainer, Hamlet, and The Jazz Singer.
1914Jazz musician, Sun Ra, is born Herman Sonny Blount in Birmingham, Alabama.
1915The Lassen Peak volcano erupts, only one of two to erupt in the continental U.S. during the 20th century.
1915Three trains collide in the Quintinshill rail disaster near Gretna Green, Scotland, killing 227 people and injuring 246 others.
1922Film critic, Judith Crist, is born in New York.
1922Television producer, Quinn Martin, is born Irwin Martin Cohn in New York, New York. In 1960, Martin established his own production company, QM Productions. His TV shows include The Fugitive, Twelve O'Clock High, The F.B.I., The Invaders, The Streets of San Francisco, Cannon, and Barnaby Jones. He was married to sitcom writer, Madelyn Pugh.
1922Poet and playwright, Lady Isabella Gregory, dies of breast cancer in Bohermore, County Galway, Ireland, at age 80. She is best remembered for her work behind the Irish Literary Revival.
1927An 8.3 earthquake strikes Nan-Shan, China, killing 200,000 people.
1927Actor, Michael Constantine, is born in Pennsylvania. He is best known for the role of the Principal on the TV series Room 222.
1928T. Boone Pickens, CEO of Shamrock and the Mesa Petroleum Company, is born.
1930Politician and gay activist, Harvey Milk, is born in Woodmere, New York.
1931Canned rattlesnake meat goes on sale in Florida.
1933John Mackay makes the first sighting of the Loch Ness Monster.
1934Pianist-conductor, Peter Nero, is born in New York, New York.
1938Actor-director, Richard Benjamin, is born in New York, New York. He appeared in the films Goodbye Columbus, Westworld, and The Last of Sheila. He was married to actress, Paula Prentiss.
1938Actor, Frank Converse, is born.
1938Actress, Susan (Elizabeth) Strasberg, is born in New York, New York. She appeared in the films Picnic, Stage Struck, The Trip, Psych-Out, The Sisters, Rollercoaster, The Manitou, In Praise of Older Women, and The Delta Force. She is the daughter of drama coach, Lee Strasberg.
1939Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel.
1939Actor, Paul (Edward) Winfield, is born in Los Angeles, California. He appeared in the films Brother John, Sounder, Conrack, Hustle, Damnation Alley, The Greatest, Carbon Copy, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, The Terminator, Big Shots, Presumed Innocent, and Cliffhanger.
1940Actor, Michael Sarrazin, is born Jacques Michel André Sarrazin in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. He appeared in the films The Flim-Flam Man, Journey to Shiloh, The Sweet Ride, They Shoot Horses, Don't They?, Sometimes a Great Notion, The Pursuit of Happiness, The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean, Harry in Your Pocket, For Pete's Sake, The Reincarnation of Peter Proud, The Gumball Rally, and The Seduction.
1940News correspondent, Bernard Shaw, is born.
1942The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.
1942Mexico enters World War II on the side of the Allies.
1942Actress, Barbara Parkins, is born in Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada. She is best known for the role of Betty on the night time TV soap opera Peyton Place. She starred in the film Valley of the Dolls.
1945U.S. Army Major, Robert B. Staver, recommends that the U.S. evacuate German scientists and engineers to help in the development of rocket technology.
1946The Culinary Institute of America is founded.
1947In an effort to fight the spread of Communism, President Harry S. Truman signs an act into law that will later be called the Truman Doctrine. It grants $400 million in military and economic aid to Turkey and Greece, each battling an internal Communist movement.
1950Celal Bayar is elected President of Turkey.
1950Actress, Ewa Aulin, is born in Landskrona, Sweden. She is best known for the title role in the cult film, Candy, appearing alongside stars such as John Huston, Ringo Starr, Walter Matthau, James Coburn, Richard Burton, and Marlon Brando.
1950Lyicist, Bernie Taupin, is born. He became the lifetime songwriting partner of Elton John.
1952The 25th National Spelling Bee: Doris Ann Hall wins, spelling vignette.
1954Bob Dylan (Robert Zimmermann) has his Bar Mitzvah.
1958Riots in Ceylon are a watershed event in the race relationship of the various ethnic communities of Sri Lanka. The total number of deaths is estimated to be 300, mostly Sri Lankan Tamils.
1958Arriving at London's Heathrow Airport before a tour of the U.K., Jerry Lee Lewis shows the press his new bride, his 14-year-old third cousin, Myra Gale Brown. Against the advice of his manager, Lewis takes questions from a stunned press, who later learn that Myra is actually only 13, and still believes in Santa Claus. Lewis' upcoming 37-day tour is cancelled after only three performances, and the scandal follows him back home, effectively ruining his career.
1959Singer, Morrissey, is born Patrick Morrissey in England.
1960A 9.5 earthquake, now known as the Great Chilean earthquake, hits southern Chile. It is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded.
1960All coastal towns between the 37th and 44th parallels are severely damaged by a tsunami that strikes Hilo, Hawaii, at 1:04 a.m.
1961An earthquake rocks New South Wales.
1961Musician, Henry Rollins, is born Henry Lawrence Garfield in Washington, D.C. Rollins fronted the California hardcore punk band, Black Flag, from August 1981 until mid-1986. He has appeared in the films The Chase, Johnny Mnemonic, Heat, Lost Highway, and Scenes of the Crime.
1961Actress, Joan Davis, dies of a heart attack in Palm Springs, California, at age 53. She starred in the 1950s sitcom I Married Joan, a take-off of the successful show I Love Lucy. She appeared in the films Hold That Ghost, Sun Valley Serendade, Show Business, Kansas City Kitty, If You Knew Susie, Love That Brute, and The Groom Wore Spurs.
1962Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes after a bombs explodes.
1962The 14th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Series: Hallmark Hall of Fame; Best Comedy Series: The Bob Newhart Show; Best Musical or Variety Series: The Garry Moore Show; Best Childrens Program: Young People's Concerts; Best Public Service Program: David Brinkley's Journal; Best Actor: E.G. Marshall; Best Actress: Shirley Booth. The ceremonies are held at the Sheraton-Park Hotel in Los Angeles, California. The host is Bob Newhart.
1964Lyndon B. Johnson launches the Great Society.
1966The 18th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Series: The Fugitive; Best Comedy Series: The Dick Van Dyke Show; Best Musical or Variety Series: The Andy Williams Show; Best Childrens Program: A Charlie Brown Christmas; Best Actor: Bill Cosby; Best Actress: Barbara Stanwyck; Best Comedy Actor: Dick Van Dyke; Best Comedy Actress: Mary Tyler Moore. The ceremonies are held at the Hollywood Palladium in Los Angeles, California. The hosts are Danny Kaye and Bill Cosby.
1967Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping.
1967The L'Innovation department store in the center of Brussels, Belgium, burns down. It is the most devastating fire in Belgian history, resulting in 323 people either dead or missing, and 150 sustaining injuries.
1967The childrens show, Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, debuts on public TV.
1967Harlem Renaissance poet and novelist, Langston Hughes, dies of prostate cancer in New York, New York, at age 65. He was one of the earliest innovators of the literary art form of jazz poetry. Hughes left school in 1922, began traveling, and settled in Harlem in 1924, during the period known as the Harlem Renaissance. His residence at 20 East 127th Street in Harlem has been given landmark status by the New York City Preservation Commission and the street was renamed "Langston Hughes Place."
1968The nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Scorpion, sinks 400 miles southwest of the Azores with 99 men aboard.
1969Apollo 10's lunar module flies within 8.4 nautical miles of the Moon's surface.
1970France conducts a nuclear test at Muruora Island.
1970Supermodel, Naomi Campbell, is born in London, England.
1972Ceylon adopts a new constitution, becomes a Republic, changes its name to Sri Lanka, and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.
1972Over 400 women in Derry, North Ireland, attack the offices of Official Sinn Féin, following the shooting of William Best by the Official Irish Republican Army.
1972Actress, Margaret Rutherford, dies from Alzheimer's disease in Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, England, at age 80. She appeared in the films Talk of the Devil, Blithe Spirit, The Happiest Days of Your Life, Her Favourite Husband, The Importance of Being Earnest, The Runaway Bus, Im All Right Jack, The Mouse on the Moon, and Murder Most Foul.
1974The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1980Namco releases the highly influential arcade game Pac-Man.
1980Actress, Marlo Thomas, marries talk show host, Phil Donahue.
1981Yoko Ono accepts a Handal Medallion, New Yorks highest medal of honor, on John Lennons behalf. This city meant a lot to him, she said tearfully. This was our town, and it still is.
1985U.S. Sailor, Michael L. Walker, is arrested and accused of spying for the USSR.
1987A tornado practically wipes the small southwest Texas community of Saragosa off the map. The tornado destroys 85% of the structures in the town, killing 30 people and injuring 121 others. Trucks are hurled, and autos are thrown through adobe and wood-frame homes.
1988Singer, Dennis Day, of The Jack Benny Show, dies at age 71.
1990North and South Yemen are unified, creating the Republic of Yemen.
1990Microsoft releases Windows 3.0.
1990Boxer, Rocky Graziano, dies of heart failure at age 71.
1991Roh Jai Bong resigns as Premier of South Korea.
1992Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia, and Slovenia join the United Nations.
1998Voters in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland turn out to cast ballots giving approval to a Northern Ireland peace accord.
1998A federal judge rules that U.S. Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a Grand Jury concerning the scandal involving President Bill Clinton and Monica Lewinsky.
2001Actress, Jane Fonda, divorces CNN founder, Ted Turner, after 10 years of marriage.
2002A jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member, Bobby Frank Cherry, of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.
2003The final manuscript for Beethovens Ninth Symphony sells at auction for $3.47 million.
2004The town of Hallam, Nebraska, is wiped out by a powerful tornado that kills one resident, and becomes the widest tornado on record with a width of 2.5 miles (a record that wouldn't be broken until the El Reno, Oklahoma, tornado on May 31, 2013).
2005A Presidential election is held in Mongolia, and the result is a victory for Nambaryn Enkhbayar of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP).
2005Ray Charles wins eight posthumous Grammy awards for his final album Genius Loves Company.
2006Voice actor, Thurl Ravenscroft, dies of prostate cancer in Fullerton, California, at age 91. He was best known for five decades as the voice of Tony the Tiger saying Theyre grrreat! in Kellogg's Frosted Flakes commercials.
2008The late-May 2008 tornado outbreak unleashes 235 tornadoes that strike 19 states and one Canadian province.
2009The Credit CARD Act of 2009 is signed into law by President Barack Obama.
2010An Air India Express Boeing 737 goes over a cliff and crashes upon landing at Mangalore, India, killing 158 of the 166 people on board.
2010The remains of Polish astronomer, Nicolaus Copernicus, are reburied in Frombork Cathedral, Poland, after a 200-year search for his tomb.
2010An Air India Express Boeing 737 goes over a cliff and crashes upon landing at Mangalore, India, killing 158 of the 166 people on board.
2011A catastrophic multiple-vortex tornado strikes Joplin, Missouri, as part of a larger tornado outbreak. The tornado kills 162 people, injures 1,150 others, and causes $2.8 billion in damage. The Joplin tornado would go into the record books as the costliest tornado in U.S. history.
2012Tokyo Skytree is opened to the public. It is the tallest tower in world, and the second tallest man-made structure on Earth, after Burj Khalifa.
2014General Prayut Chan-o-cha of the Royal Thai Armed Forces announces a military coup d'état, following six months of political turmoil.
2015The Republic of Ireland becomes the first nation in the world to legalize gay marriage in a public referendum.
2016Indonesia's Mount Sinabung erupts, killing at least six people in Sumatra.
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