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1966–Before his concert at the Royal Albert Hall in London, England, Bob Dylan welcomes The Beatles once again to his dressing room. Paul McCartney plays the singer an early, electronic version of a track that would later become Tomorrow Never Knows. "Oh, I get it, you don't want to be cute anymore," Dylan laughs, as he leaves the room.

742–Emperor Dezong of Tang is born Li Kuo at the Crown Prince's Palace in the Tang capital of Chang’an. His reign of 26 years was the third longest in the Tang Dynasty.

927–Simeon I the Great dies of heart failure in Preslav, Bulgaria, at age 63. He was the first Bulgarian to be recognized as Emperor.

1120–Richard III of Capua, is anointed as Prince two weeks before his untimely death.

1153–Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland.

1199–John is crowned King of England.

1328–Philip VI is crowned King of France.

1564–Jean Caulvin (John Calvin), priest and church reformer, dies at age 54.

1626–William II, Prince of Orange, is born in the Hague, Dutch Republic.

1644–Manchu regent, Dorgon, defeats rebel leader, Li Zicheng of the Shun Dynasty, at the Battle of Shanhai Pass, allowing the Manchus to enter and conquer the capital city of Beijing.

1647–The first recorded American execution of a “witch” takes place in Massachusetts.

1652–Princess Palatine Elizabeth Charlotte is born at Heidelberg Castle, Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Her vast, frank correspondence provides a detailed account of the personalities and activities at the court of her brother-in-law, Louis XIV, for 50 years from the date of her marriage in 1672.

1703–Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of St. Petersburg, Russia.

1794–Millionaire, Cornelius Vanderbilt, owner of the B & O Railroad, is born. His was one of the two railroads used on the Monopoly game board.

1798–The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland.

1799–Austrian forces defeat the French at Winterthur, Switzerland, securing control of the northeastern Swiss Plateau due to the town's location at the junction of seven cross-roads.

1819–Author-lecturer, Julia Ward Howe, is born. She wrote The Battle Hymn of the Republic.

1837–Cowboy and folk hero, “Wild Bill” Hickok, is born James Butler Hickok in Homer, Illinois (present-day Troy Grove, Illinois). Some of his exploits as reported at the time were fiction, but his skill as a gunfighter and gambler provided the basis for his fame, along with his reputation as a lawman.

1840–Violinist and composer, Niccolo Paganini, dies at age 57. He wrote six concertos for violin.

1848–Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom dies at her residence in Vicarage Place, Kensington Palace, in London, England, at age 70.

1849–The Great Hall of Euston Station opens in London, England.

1860–Giuseppe Garibaldi begins his attack on Palermo, Sicily, as part of the Italian unification.

1883–Alexander III is crowned Tsar of Russia.

1894–Detective novelist, (Samuel) Dashiell Hammett, is born in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. He was an author of hard-boiled detective novels and short stories, a screenplay writer, and political activist. He created the character of Sam Spade and wrote The Maltese Falcon and The Thin Man. Time magazine included Hammett's 1929 novel, Red Harvest, on a list of the 100 best English-language novels published between 1923 and 2005.

1895–British inventor, Birt Acres, patents a film camera-projector.

1896–A tornado strikes St. Louis, Missouri, and East St. Louis, Illinois, killing 255 people and causing $2.9 billion in damage.

1907–A Bubonic plague outbreak begins in San Francisco, California.

1907–Marine biologist and author, Rachel Carson, is born in Springdale, Pennsylvania. Her book Silent Spring, an indictment of the wanton use of pesticides, introduced the concept of ecology to the general population.

1911–Hubert Humphrey, 38th U.S. Vice President (1965-1969), is born.

1911–Actor, Vincent Price, is born in St. Louis, Missouri. He appeared in a series of horror films, among them The House on Haunted Hill, The Fly, The House of Wax, and The Tingler.

1912–Writer, John (William) Cheever, is born in Quincy, Massachusetts. His fiction is mostly set in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, the Westchester suburbs, and old New England villages (based on various South Shore towns around Quincy, Massachusetts, his home town). His novels are The Wapshot Chronicle, The Wapshot Scandal, Bullet Park, Falconer, and Oh What a Paradise It Seems.

1912–Golf champion, Sam Snead, is born in Hot Springs, Virginia.

1915–Novelist, Herman Wouk, is born in New York, New York. Wouk is the author of The Caine Mutiny, The Winds of War, and Marjorie Morningstar.

1917–Pope Benedict XV promulgates the 1917 Code of Canon Law, the first comprehensive codification of Catholic canon law in the legal history of the Catholic Church.

1918–Yasuhiro Nakasone, Premier of Japan (1982-1987), is born.

1919–Charles Strite patents the pop-up toaster.

1919–A patent is issued for “Pyrex” glass.

1919–The NC-4 aircraft arrives in Lisbon, Portugal, after completing the first transatlantic flight.

1922–Actor, Christopher Lee, is born Christopher Frank Carandini Lee in Belgravia, London, England. With a career spanning nearly 70 years, Lee initially portrayed villains and became best known for his role as Count Dracula in a sequence of Hammer Horror films. He appeared in the films Hamlet, Quo Vadis, Moulin Rouge, The Dark Avenger, The Curse of Frankenstein, The Truth About Women, A Tale of Two Cities, Dracula, Corridors of Blood, The Hound of the Baskervilles, The Man Who Could Cheat Death, Beat Girl, Dr. Terror's House of Horrors, Dracula: Prince of Darkness, The Oblong Box, The Magic Christian, and Scream and Scream Again.

1923–Henry Kissinger, U.S. Secretary of State (1973-1977), is born. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973.

1925–Writer, Tony Hillerman, is born.

1927–The Ford Motor Company ceases manufacture of the Ford Model T, and begins to retool its plants to make the Ford Model A.

1929–Aviator, Charles Lindbergh, marries author, Anne Morrow, in Englewood, New Jersey.

1930–The Chrysler Building in New York City (the tallest man-made structure at the time at 1,046 feet) opens to the public.

1930–Richard G. Drew, of St. Paul, Minnesota, invents masking tape.

1930–The 6th National Spelling Bee: Helen Jensen wins, spelling albumen.

1930–Postmodern novelist, John Barth, is born in Cambridge, Maryland. He's the author of The Floating Opera and The Sot-Weed Factor.

1931–The first full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes is opened at Langley Field, Virginia.

1931–The 7th National Spelling Bee: Ward Randall wins, spelling foulard.

1933–The U.S. Federal Securities Act is signed into law, requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.

1933–The Century of Progress World's Fair opens in Chicago, Illinois.

1933–The first automatic soda fountain dispenser is introduced by the Coca-Cola Company.

1933–The Walt Disney Company releases the cartoon, Three Little Pigs, with its hit song Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?

1934–Sci-fi writer, Harlan (Jay) Ellison, is born.

1935–Jazz pianist, Ramsey Lewis, is born in Chicago, Illinois.

1935–Actress, Lee Meriwether, is born in Los Angeles, California. She won the title of Miss America and later went on to co-star in the TV series Barnaby Jones.

1936–Oceanliner, The Queen Mary, leaves England on its maiden voyage.

1936–Actor, Louis Gossett, Jr., is born in Brooklyn, New York. He had a major role in the TV mini-series Roots. He appeared in the film An Officer and a Gentleman.

1937–The Golden Gate Bridge opens in San Francisco, California, and 200,000 people cross it on its first day. It had taken four years, four months, and 22 days to complete.

1937–Film producer, Allan Carr, is born Allan Solomon in Chicago, Illinois. His films include The First Time, C.C. and Company, Grease, Can’t Stop the Music, Where the Boys Are ‘84, and Cloak & Dagger.

1939–Country singer, Don Williams, is born in Floydada, Texas.

1942–Adolf Hitler gives the order for 10,000 Czechoslovakians to be murdered.

1942–The 18th National Spelling Bee: Richard Earnhart wins, spelling sacrilegious.

1943–Singer, Cilla Black, is born Priscilla Maria Veronica White in Vauxhall, Liverpool, England. Championed by The Beatles, Brian Epstein, and producer, George Martin, she began her career as a singer in 1963, and her singles Anyone Who Had a Heart and You're My World both reached #1 on the charts. Black had 11 “Top Ten” hits on the British charts between 1964 and 1971. She hosted her own variety show, Cilla, for the BBC between 1968 and 1976. She was married to manager, Bobby Willis.

1943–Actor, Bruce Weitz, is born in Norwalk, Connecticut. He is best known for his role on the TV drama series Hill Street Blues.

1944–Lenny Davidson, of The Dave Clark Five, is born.

1949–The 22nd National Spelling Bee: Kim Calvin wins, spelling dulcimer.

1949–Cartoonist, Ropert L. Ripley, creator of “Believe It or Not,” dies in New York at age 55.

1950–Singer, Frank Sinatra, appears on TV for the first time as part of Bob Hope's Star-Spangled Revue.

1950–The 23rd National Spelling Bee: It's a tie between Diana Reynard and Colquitt Dean, each missing the spelling of meticulosity.

1951–The Chinese Communists force the Dalai Lama, Tibet's god king, to surrender control of his region's foreign affairs and army to Beijing.

1955–Actor, Richard Schiff, is born.

1956–The U.S. conducts an atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.

1957–Brunswick Records releases The Crickets' (with lead singer Buddy Holly) first record and only chart topper, That'll Be the Day, backed with I'm Looking for Someone to Love.

1957–Singer, Siouxsie Sioux, of Siouxsie & Banshees, is born Susan Ballion in Kent, England.

1958–The F-4 Phantom II makes its first flight.

1960–In Turkey, a military coup removes President Celâl Bayar and the rest of the democratic government from office.

1961–The first black light is sold. Black light technology reached its zenith during the late 1960s and early 1970s, as it was a big fad used to enhance psychedelic posters.

1961–Actress, Cathy Silvers, is born in New York, New York. She appeared in the 1970s sitcom Happy Days. She is the daughter of actor, Phil Silvers.

1963–The U.S. release of The Beatles’ single, From Me to You and Thank You Girl is on the VeeJay label. Since The Beatles are still unknown in America, the single tops out on the Billboard Singles chart at #116.

1963–The Beatles, touring with Roy Orbison, perform at the Capitol Cinema, Cardiff, Glamorganshire.

1964–Jawaharial Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, dies at age 74.

1965–American warships begin the first bombardment of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam.

1965–Child actor, Todd Bridges, is born in San Francisco, California. He is best known for his role on the TV sitcom Diff'rent Strokes.

1966–Before his concert at the Royal Albert Hall in London, England, Bob Dylan welcomes The Beatles once again to his dressing room. Paul McCartney plays the singer an early, electronic version of a track that would later become Tomorrow Never Knows. "Oh, I get it, you don't want to be cute anymore," Dylan laughs, as he leaves the room.

1967–Australians vote in favor of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians and to count them in the national census.

1967–The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy is christened by Jacqueline Kennedy and her daughter, Caroline.

1967–John Lennon announces that The Beatles will not tour again.

1967–Two of America's biggest record labels, Columbia and RCA Victor, announce they will raise the list price of mono albums by $1 on June 1st. It's the first increase since 1953.

1968–The meeting of the Union Nationale des Étudiants de France (National Union of the Students of France) takes place, as 30,000 to 50,000 people gather in the Stade Sébastien Charléty.

1968–Major League Baseball's National League awards Montreal the first franchise in Canada and the first franchise outside the United States.

1969–Construction begins in Florida on Walt Disney World.

1969–Actor, Jeffrey Hunter, dies at age 43. He was cast in the role of Christopher Pike in the pilot episode ("The Menagerie") of the sci-fi TV series Star Trek.

1970–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1971–Singer, Lisa Lopes, of TLC, is born.

1971–The Dahlerau train disaster kills 46 people and injures 25 others near Wuppertal, Germany.

1971–Singer, Lisa (Nicole) Lopes, of TLC, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1972–The Indianapolis 500: Mark Donohue wins in 3:04:23.

1973–The original Cavern Club in Liverpool closes for good. The site will be covered by a parking lot and, later, a shopping center called Cavern Walks. A new Cavern Club, built partially from bricks from the original structure, will be erected at a later date in another location.

1975–The Dibbles Bridge coach crash near Grassington, in North Yorkshire, England, kills 33 people.

1975–The Stanley Cup: The Philadelphia Flyers beat the Buffalo Sabres, 4 games to 2.

1975–Chef, Jamie Oliver, is born in England. He is known as the “Naked Chef,” on his BBC-TV cooking shows (the name referring to simplicity, rather than nudity). He has had several TV shows: The Naked Chef, Return of the Naked Chef, Happy Days with the Naked Chef, Jamie's Kitchen, Return to Jamie's Kitchen, and Oliver's Twist. He has also written several cookbooks.

1979–John Lennon and Yoko Ono place full-page ads in The New York Times, London's Sunday Times, and a Tokyo newspaper, entitled "A Love Letter from John and Yoko to People Who Ask Us What, When, and Why." It bears all the marks of Ono’s prose, not Lennon’s, but its message of carefree, naive idealism, and pleasure in placidity suggests that the couple are enjoying an idyllic family life... despite the subsequent testimony of ex-friends and insiders that the opposite was true.

1979–The Indianapolis 500: Rick Mears wins in 3:08:47.

1980–Airborne and army troops of South Korea retake the city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 people.

1981–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1981–John Hinckley attempts suicide by overdosing on Tylenol.

1983–Fred Seaman pleads guilty to grand larceny charges and will be sentenced on July 14th to five years probation, on the condition that he will never reveal the contents of the Lennon documents and manuscripts that had been in his possession.

1984–The Indianapolis 500: Rick Mears wins in 3:03:21.

1986–France conducts a nuclear test at Muruora Island.

1986–Dragon Quest, the game credited as setting the template for role-playing video games, is released in Japan.

1994–Nobel Prize-winner, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, returns to Russia, ending two decades of exile.

1995–Actor, Christopher Reeve, is paralyzed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition in Charlottesville, Virginia.

1995–Six Flags Elitch Gardens opens at its new location in downtown Denver, Colorado. Rides in the amusement park include: Avalanche, Disaster Canyon, Run-Away Train, Twister II (a wooden roller coaster), and Kiddieland (an area with rides for the little kids). The original Elitch Gardens had operated successfully for 104 years in its old northwest Denver location. They moved fifteen of the old park’s 20 rides to the new location.

1995–A 7.0 earthquake shakes northern Sakhalin Island in Russia, killing 1,989 people and injuring 750 others.

1997–The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Paula Jones can pursue her sexual harassment lawsuit against President Bill Clinton while he is in office.

1997–The Indianapolis 500: Arie Luyendyk wins in 3:25:43.

1998–Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $200,000 for failing to warn authorities about the Oklahoma City terrorist bombing plot.

2001–Members of the Islamist separatist group, Abu Sayyaf, seize 20 hostages from an affluent island resort on Palawan in the Philippines.

2001–The Indianapolis 500: Hélio Castroneves wins in 3:31:54.

2003–Actress, Angelina Jolie, divorces actor, Billy Bob Thornton, due to irreconcilable differences.

2006–An earthquake strikes Bantul, Java, devistating the city of Yogyakarta and killing over 5,700 people and injuring 37,000 others.

2007–The Indianapolis 500: Dario Franchitti wins in 2:44:03.

2007–Actress, Gretchen Wyler, dies of breast cancer in Camarillo, California, at age 75. She appeared in the Broadway shows Guys and Dolls, Silk Stockings, Damn Yankees, and Bye Bye Birdie.

2011–Actor, Jeff Conaway, dies of pneumonia and encephalopathy attributable to drug overdoses in at age 60. He is best known for his co-starring role on the TV series Taxi. He appeared in the films Jennifer on My Mind, I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, Grease, and Dickie Roberts: Former Child Star.

2011–Musician, Gil Scott-Heron, dies in New York, New York, at age 62. He had been HIV-positive for several years, and had been previously hospitalized for pneumonia. As of May 2015, the cause of Scott-Heron's death had not been made public.

2012–The Indianapolis 500: Dario Franchitti wins in 2:58.51.

2013–In a wave of bombings across Iraq, 75 people are killed and 200 others are injured.

2016–Barack Obama becomes the first U.S. President to visit Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima, Japan.

2016–Republican presidential candidate, Donald Trump, urges U.S. Senator, Marco Rubio, to run for re-election, after Rubio states he would speak on Trump's behalf at the Republican Convention, if asked to do so. Rubio also says he plans to release his delegates to vote for Trump.


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