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1996–Timothy Leary, the counterculture guru of the 1960s, dies of cancer quietly in his sleep at age 75. He urged a generation of American youth to use the drug LSD, so that they could “turn on, tune in, and drop out.” In his later years, Leary had turned his attention to computer science and the Internet, and he had intended to commit suicide as a live online event.

70–Rome captures the first wall of the city of Jerusalem.

455–Emperor Petronius Maximus is stoned to death by an angry mob while fleeing Rome.

1162–Géza II of Hungary dies in Székesfehérvár, Hungary, at age 32.

1223–Mongol armies of Genghis Khan, led by Subutai, defeat Kievan Rus' and Cumans, in the Battle of the Kalka River.

1243–James II of Majorca is born in Majorca, one of three Balearic Islands.

1321–Birger, King of Sweden, dies in exile in Denmark, at age 41.

1410–Martin of Aragon dies of either plague, uremic coma, or poisoning in the monastery of Valldonzella in Barcelona, Spain, at age 53. Also called the Elder, and the Ecclesiastic, he was King of Aragon, Valencia, Sardinia, and Corsica, and Count of Barcelona from 1396. He was King of Sicily from 1409.

1469–Manuel I of Portugal is born in Alcochete, Portugal. His name is associated with a period of Portuguese civilization that was distinguished by significant achievements both in political affairs and the arts.

1495–Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, dies at Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England, at age 80. She was the mother of two Kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III.

1504–Engelbert II of Nassau dies in in Brussels, Belgium, at age 53. He was Count of Nassau and Vianden and Lord of Breda, Lek, Diest, Roosendaal, Nispen, and Wouw.

1557–Feodor I of Russia is born Theodore Ivanovich in Moscow, Russia. Being unhealthy and, by some reports, intellectually disabled, Feodor was only the nominal ruler, having his duties handed over to his wife's brother and trusted minister, Boris Godunov, who would later succeed Feodor as Tsar.

1578–King Henry III lays the first stone of the Pont Neuf (New Bridge), the oldest bridge of Paris, France.

1613–John George II, Elector of Saxony, is born in Dresden, Germany.

1621–Sir Francis Bacon is thrown into the Tower of London for one night.

1641–Patriarch Dositheos II of Jerusalem is born in Arachova (present-day village of Exochi, Achaea).

1659–The Netherlands, England, and France sign the Treaty of The Hague.

1665–Jerusalem's Rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah.

1669–Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.

1678–Lady Godiva rides naked through Coventry, England, in a protest of taxes.

1683–Physicist, mathematician, and astronomer, Jean-Pierre Christin, is born in Lyon, France. He invented the Celsius thermometer. His proposal to reverse the Celsius scale (from water boiling at 0 degrees and ice melting at 100 degrees, to water boiling at 100 degrees and ice melting at 0 degrees) was widely accepted and is still in use today.

1740–Frederick William I of Prussia dies in Berlin, Prussia, at age 51.

1759–The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions.

1775–The Mecklenburg Resolves are adopted in the Province of North Carolina.

1790–The U.S. copyright law is enacted.

1790–Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.

1795–During the French Revolution, the Revolutionary Tribunal is suppressed.

1805–French and Spanish forces begin the assault against British forces occupying Diamond Rock, a basalt island located south of "Grande Anse du Diamant," before arriving at Fort-de-France from the South.

1809–Austrian composer, Franz Josef Haydn, dies of arteriosclerosis in Vienna, Austria, at age 77. He composed over 100 symphonies, several masses, a series of string quartets, and many stage works.

1813–In Australia, William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland, and William Wentworth reach Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.

1819–Poet, Walt Whitman, is born in West Hills, Long Island, New York. He was an essayist, journalist, and humanist. Often called the “Father of Free Verse.” He also was a printer, and then the editor of a newspaper, The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. In 1855, he published the first edition of Leaves of Grass at his own expense because no one else wanted to publish it. He sold 10 copies and gave away the rest. In 1862, he went to Washington, D.C., and took a series of bureaucratic jobs, while volunteering in Union hospitals. He was appalled by the conditions he found there, and in 1865, published Drum Taps, his collection of war poems.

1837–The Astor Hotel (the most elaborate in the U.S.) opens in New York City, later becoming the Waldorf-Astoria.

1837–Joseph Grimaldi, the greatest clown and king of pantomime, dies at his home in Islington, England, at age 57. He expanded the role of “clown” in the harlequinade that formed part of British pantomimes, notably at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, and the Sadler's Wells and Covent Garden theatres. Grimaldi became the most popular English entertainer of the Regency era.

1847–The Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens.

1854–The civil death procedure is abolished in France.

1857–Pope Pius XI, (1922-1939), is born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti in Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire.

1859–Big Ben, the bell in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament in London, England, chimes for the first time.

1861–Welfare worker, Emily Perkins Bissell, is born in Wilmington, Delaware. She started the first Christmas Seal drive in 1907.

1862–Dueing the American Civil War, in the Battle of Seven Pines (also known as the "Battle of Fair Oaks") Confederate forces, under Joseph E. Johnston and G.W. Smith, engage Union forces, under George B. McClellan, outside Richmond, Virginia.

1864–During the American Civil War, in the Battle of Cold Harbor, the Army of Northern Virginia, under Robert E. Lee, engages the Army of the Potomac, under Ulysses S. Grant and George Meade.

1866–In the Fenian Invasion of Canada, John O'Neill leads 850 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the United Kingdom.

1866–Businessman, John (Nicholas) Ringling, is born in McGregor, Iowa. He co-founded Ringling Brothers Circus. He is the most well-known of the seven Ringling brothers, five of whom merged the Barnum & Bailey Circus with their own Ringling Brothers Circus to create a virtual monopoly on traveling circuses.

1870–E.J. DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement.

1879–Gilmore’s Garden in New York City is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public. It is named after the fourth U.S. President, James Madison.

1884–Dr. John Harvey Kellogg patents corn flakes.

1889–After several days of heavy rain, the South Fork Dam fails 14 miles upstream of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, resulting in what would become known as the Johnstown Flood, or the Great Flood of 1889. Nearly 5 billion gallons (or 20 million tons) of water from the Lake Conemaugh reservoir descended on Johnstown, killing 2,209 people and causing $17 million in damage. The Johnstown Flood would be the first major disaster relief effort by the new American Red Cross led by Clara Barton. Financial support for the victims came from all over the America and 18 foreign countries.

1894–Comedian, Fred Allen, is born John Florence Sullivan in Cambridge, Massachusetts. His absurdist, topically-pointed radio show (1932-1949) made him one of the most popular and forward-looking humorists in the Golden Age of American Radio.

1898–Clergyman, Norman Vincent Peale, author of The Power of Positive Thinking, is born in Bowersville, Ohio. In 1947 Peale co-founded (along with educator Kenneth Beebe) The Horatio Alger Association, which aims to recognize and honor Americans who have been successful in spite of difficult circumstances. His story is told in the film One Man’s Way.

1902–The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the Second Boer War and ensures British control of South Africa.

1906–King Alfonso XIII and Victoria von Battenberg are assassinated in Madrid, Spain.

1907–Motorized taxis travel the streets of America for the first time in New York City.

1908–Actor, Don Ameche, is born Dominic Felix Amici in Kenosha, Wisconsin. He appeared in the films Dante’s Inferno, In Old Chicago, Alexander’s Ragtime Band, The Three Musketeers, The Story of Alexander Graham Bell, Moon Over Miami, Heaven Can Wait, The Boatniks, Trading Places, Cocoon, Harry and the Hendersons, Coming to America, and Things Change.

1909–The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) holds its first conference.

1910–The Cape of Good Hope becomes part of the Union of South Africa.

1911–The President of Mexico, Porfirio Díaz, flees the country during the Mexican Revolution.

1912–Actress, Barbara Pepper, is born in New York, New York. She was a friend of actress, Lucille Ball, and was cast in minor roles in many episodes of the TV sitcom I Love Lucy.

1915–The Indianapolis 500: Ralph DePalma wins in 5:33:55.

1919–The Indianapolis 500: Howdy Wilcox wins in 5:40:42.

1920–The Indianapolis 500: Gaston Chevrolet wins in 5:38:31.

1921–Civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma, leads to riots killing 39 people (recent investigations suggest the actual death toll may be much higher).

1922–Actor, Denholm (Mitchell) Elliott, is born in Ealing, Middlesex, England. He appeared in the films The Ringer, The Holly and the Ivy, King Rat, Alfie, Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush, A Doll’s House, The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, Robin and Marian, A Bridge Too Far, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Brimstone and Treacle, The Razor’s Edge, A Room with a View, Maurice, and September.

1923–Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1949-2005), is born Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand at Prince's Palace, Monte Carlo, Monaco. He ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost 56 years, making him one of the longest ruling monarchs in European history. He was married to actress, Grace Kelly.

1924–The Soviet Union signs an agreement with the Beijing government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an "integral part of the Republic of China," whose "sovereignty" the Soviet Union promises to respect.

1926–The Indianapolis 500: Frank Lockhart wins in 5:12:48.

1927–The last Ford Model T rolls off the assembly line after a production run of 15,007,003 vehicles.

1929–The Atlantic City Convention Center opens in Altantic City, New Jersey.

1929–The first talking Mickey Mouse cartoon, The Karnival Kid, is released.

1930–Actor-director, Clint Eastwood, is born in San Francisco, California. He got his start starring in the TV Western series Rawhide. He appeared in the films Play Misty for Me, Two Mules for Sister Sara, Paint Your Wagon, Unforgiven, A Perfect World, Space Cowboys, and The Bridges of Madison County. He is well known for his roles in the Spaghetti Westerns (A Fistful of Dollars, For a Few Dollars More, and The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly). He served one term as Mayor of Carmel, California.

1931–A 7.1 earthquake destroys Quetta, in what is now present-day Pakistan, killing 50,000 people.

1932–Microchip designer, Jay (Glenn) Miner, is born in Prescott, Arizona. He is known primarily for developing multimedia chips for the Atari 2600 and Atari 8-bit family and as the "father of the Amiga."

1934–Actor, Jim Hutton, is born Dana James Hutton in Binghamton, New York. He appeared in the movies The Subterraneans, Where The Boys Are, The Honeymoon Machine, Bachelor in Paradise, The Horizontal Lieutenant, Period of Adjustment, Major Dundee, The Hallelujah Trail, Never Too Late, The Trouble with Angels, Walk, Don’t Run, Who’s Minding the Mint?, The Green Berets, and Hellfighters. He is the father of actor, Timothy Hutton.

1935–A 7.7 earthquake destroys Quetta in present-day Pakistan, killing 40,000 people.

1937–The Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw wins in 4:24:07.

1938–The 14th National Spelling Bee: Marian Richardson wins, spelling sanitarium.

1938–Folksinger, Peter Yarrow, of Peter, Paul & Mary, is born in New York, New York. The trio had hits with Lemon Tree, If I Had a Hammer, Puff the Magic Dragon, Blowin' in the Wind, I Dig Rock and Roll Music, and Leaving on a Jet Plane.

1941–A Luftwaffe air raid on Dublin, Ireland, kills 38 people.

1941–The United Kingdom completes the re-occupation of Iraq and returns 'Abd al-Ilah to power as regent for Faisal II.

1941–The first issue of Parade magazine goes on sale.

1941–Country singer, Johnny Paycheck, is born Donald Eugene Lytle in Greenfield, Ohio. He had a big hit with the song Take This Job and Shove It. In December 1985, Paycheck was convicted and sentenced to seven years in jail for shooting a man at the North High Lounge in Hillsboro, Ohio. Paycheck claimed the act was self-defense. In 1989, after several years spent fighting the conviction, he began serving his sentence, spending 22 months in prison before being pardoned by Ohio Governor, Richard Celeste.

1942–In World War II, Imperial Japanese Navy midget submarines begin a series of attacks on Sydney, Australia.

1943–Actress, Sharon (Marguerite) Gless, is born in Los Angeles, California. She is best known for the role of Christine Cagney in the TV police drama Cagney & Lacey. She appeared in the films Airport 1975 and The Star Chamber. She was married to television producer, Barney Rosenzweig.

1943–Football player, Joe Namath, is born Joseph William Namath in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania. He played college football for the University of Alabama under coach Paul "Bear" Bryant from 1962 to 1964, and professional football in the American Football League (AFL) and National Football League (NFL) during the 1960s and 1970s. Namath was an AFL icon and played for that league's New York Jets for most of his professional football career. He finished his career with the Los Angeles Rams.

1944–Model, Samantha Juste, is born Sandra Slater in Manchester, England. She was known on British TV in the mid-1960s as the "disc girl" on BBC’s Top of the Pops. She was married to musician, Micky Dolenz. Their daughter is actress, Ami Dolenz.

1945–Film director, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, is born in Bad Wörishofen, Bavaria, Germany. He was one of the most important figures in the New German Cinema. Underlying Fassbinder's work was a desire to provoke and disturb. However, his films demonstrate his deep sensitivity to social outsiders and his hatred of institutionalized violence. He ruthlessly attacked both German bourgeois society and the larger limitations of humanity. His films include Love Is Colder Than Death, The American Soldier, The Merchant of Four Seasons, Eight Hours Are Not a Day, Martha, Fox and His Friends, Women in New York, Despair, The Marriage of Maria Braun, and Lola.

1948–The Indianapolis 500: Mauri Rose wins in 4:10:23.

1948–John (Henry) Bonham, drummer for Led Zeppelin, is born in Redditch, Worcestershire, England. Bonham was esteemed for his speed, power, fast bass-drumming, distinctive sound, and "feel" for the groove. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest drummers in rock history.

1949–Actor, Tom Berenger, is born Thomas Michael Moore in Chicago, Illinois. He appeared in the films Looking for Mr. Goodbar, Butch and Sundance: The Early Days, The Dogs of War, The Big Chill, Eddie and the Cruisers, Rustlers' Rhapsody, Platoon, Shoot to Kill, Major League, Born on the Fourth of July, At Play in the Fields of the Lord, and Sliver.

1950–The Indianapolis 500: Johnny Parson wins in 2:46:55. Due to rain, the race was shortened to 345 miles.

1950–Actor, Gregory (Neale) Harrison, is born in Avalon, Santa Catalina Island, California. He appeared in the films The Harrad Experiment, Trilogy of Terror, North Shore, The Women's Room, For Ladies Only, Duplicates, and It's My Party. He is married to actress, Randi Oakes.

1953–Musician, Mitch Weissman, is born in New York. He was one of the first to portray Paul McCartney in the stage play Beatlemania. He was also cast as McCartney for the film version of the show.

1954–The Indianapolis 500: Bill Vukovich wins in 3:49:17.

1954–Singer, Vicki Sue Robinson, is born in Harlem, New York. She had a big disco hit with Turn the Beat Around.

1955–The U.S. Supreme Court orders that all states must end racial segregation with deliberate speed.

1956–After seeing the John Wayne film, The Searchers, Buddy Holly is inspired to write the song, That'll Be the Day, using the Duke’s catch phrase from the movie.

1957–Great Britain conducts an atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island.

1958–The U.S. conducts an atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island.

1958–Dick Dale invents "surf music" with his song Let's Go Trippin’.

1960–Comedian, Chris Elliott, is born Christopher Nash Elliott in New York, New York. He was a regular on Late Night with David Letterman, and appeared in the films The Abyss, New York Stories, Groundhog Day, Cabin Boy, There's Something About Mary, and Snow Day. He is the son of comedian, Bob Elliott.

1961–President John F. Kennedy visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris, France.

1961–The Union of South Africa becomes the Republic of South Africa.

1961–Chuck Berry opens Berry Park, an amusement park in Wentzville, Missouri. The 30-acre complex features a swimming pool, miniature golf course, ferris wheel, a children's zoo, and a picnic grove with barbecue pits.

1961–Actress, Lea (Katherine) Thompson, is born in Rochester, Minnesota. She appeared in the films Jaws 3-D, All The Right Moves, Red Dawn, Back to the Future, SpaceCamp, Howard the Duck, Some Kind of Wonderful, Article 99, and The Little Rascals. She is married to film director, Howard Deutch.

1962–The West Indies Federation dissolves.

1964–The Dave Clark Five appear on The Ed Sullivan Show. They would appear 11 more times on the American variety program.

1964–Darryl (Matthews) McDaniels, of Run-D.M.C., is born in Harlem, New York. He is considered one of the pioneers of hip hop culture.

1965–The Indianapolis 500: Jim Clark wins in 3:19:05.

1965–Model and actress, Brooke (Christa) Shields, is born in Manhattan, New York. Shields began her career as a model in 1966, when she was 11 months old: her first job was for Ivory Soap, shot by Francesco Scavullo. In 1980, the 14-year-old Shields was the youngest fashion model ever to appear on the cover of Vogue. Later that same year, Shields appeared in the controversial print and TV ad for Calvin Klein jeans. She appeared in the films Pretty Baby, King of the Gypsies, Wanda Nevada, The Blue Lagoon, Endless Love, and Sahara. Her paternal grandmother was the Italian princess, Donna Marina Torlonia. She was married to tennis star, Andre Agassi.

1966–Filming begins on the TV comedy series The Monkees.

1967–The Indianapolis 500: A.J. Foyt wins in 3:18:24.

1967–Billy Strayhorn, composer, pianist, and arranger, dies of esophageal cancer in New York, New York, at age 51. He is best known for his successful collaboration with bandleader and composer, Duke Ellington, lasting nearly three decades. His compositions include Take the 'A' Train, Chelsea Bridge, and Lush Life.

1970–A 7.9 earthquake hits the Ancash region of Northern Peru, situated in the highest peaks of the Andes. The quake causes a large portion of the Nevado Huascarán mountain to collapse. The avalanche buries the towns of Yungay and Ranrahirca, with an estimated death toll of 20,000. A Czech mountaineering team of 15 is also lost in the avalanche.

1971–In accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act passed by U.S. Congress in 1968, observation of Memorial Day occurs on the last Monday in May for the first time, rather than on the traditional Memorial Day of May 30th.

1973–The U.S. Senate votes to cut off funding for the bombing of Khmer Rouge targets within Cambodia, hastening the end of the Cambodian Civil War.

1974–The USSR conducts a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh.

1974–Nutritionist, Adelle Davis, dies of multiple myeloma at Palos Verdes Estates, California, at age 70. Her books include You Can Stay Well, Let’s Cook It Right, and Let’s Eat Right to Keep Fit.

1976–Actor, Colin (James) Farrell, is born in Castleknock, Dublin, Ireland. He appeared in the films Tigerland, Minority Report, Phone Booth, Intermission, A Home at the End of the World, Miami Vice, In Bruges, Crazy Heart, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, Saving Mr. Banks, and Winter's Tale.

1977–The Trans-Alaska oil pipeline is completed.

1977–The as-yet-unpublished tell-all book from Elvis Presley's bodyguards Sonny and Red West, entitled Elvis: What Happened? begins to leak out a chapter at a time to newspapers in England and Australia.

1977–Actor, Eric Christian Olsen, is born in Eugene, Oregon. He appeared in the films Pearl Harbor, Dumb and Dumberer: When Harry Met Lloyd, and Sunshine Cleaning.

1977–Movie director, William Castle, dies of a heart attack in Los Angeles, California, at age 63. After Alfred Hitchcock released Psycho, Castle jumped on the thriller bandwagon and directed a number of movies along those lines that included Homicidal. He would come up with wild promotion ideas for his movies, tacking an opening of himself speaking to most of his features. His other films include Macabre, House on Haunted Hill, The Tingler, 13 Ghosts, Mr. Sardonicus, Strait-Jacket, and I Saw What You Did.

1980–A chart topper: Coming Up by Paul McCartney.

1981–The Jaffna Library in Sri Lanka is burned.

1983–The 37th NBA Championship: The Philadelphia 76ers beat the Los Angeles Lakers, in 4 games.

1983–Boxer, Jack Dempsey, Heavyweight Boxing Champion (1919-1926), dies of heart failure in New York, New York, at age 87. He became a cultural icon of the 1920s. His aggressive style and exceptional punching power made him one of the most popular boxers in history.

1984–The U.S. conducts a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1984–The 57th National Spelling Bee: Daniel Greenblatt wins, spelling luge.

1985–Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) becomes a Schedule I drug in the U.S.

1985–Forty-one tornados in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York, and Canada, kill 88 people and injure more than 1,000 others.

1987–The Stanley Cup: The Edmonton Oilers beat the Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 3.

1989–Jim Wright, Speaker of U.S. House of Representatives, resigns.

1989–A group of six members of the guerrilla group, Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) of Peru, shoot and kill eight transsexuals in the city of Tarapoto.

1990–The pilot episode of the TV series, Seinfeld, debuts as “The Seinfeld Chronicles” on NBC-TV.

1990–The 63rd National Spelling Bee: Amy Marie Dimak wins, spelling fibranne.

1991–The oldest bride, Minnie Munro, age 102, marries Dudley Reid, age 83, in Australia.

1993–Performing dog, Spuds Mackenzie, dies.

1994–The U.S. announces it is no longer aiming long-range nuclear missiles at targets in the former Soviet Union.

1996–Timothy Leary, the counterculture guru of the 1960s, dies of cancer quietly in his sleep at age 75. He urged a generation of American youth to use the drug LSD, so that they could “turn on, tune in, and drop out.” In his later years, Leary had turned his attention to computer science and the Internet, and he had intended to commit suicide as a live online event.

1996–Neela Sanjiva Reddy, President of India (1977-1982), dies.

2000–Musician, Tito Puente, dies of heart trouble in New York, New York, at age 77. He is best known for dance-oriented mambo and Latin jazz compositions that endured over a 50-year career.

2001–The 74th National Spelling Bee: Sean Conley wins, spelling succedaneum.

2001–Television personality, Arlene Francis, dies of Alzheimer's disease in San Francisco, California, at age 93. She was a regular on the panel of the TV game show What’s My Line? She appeared in the films Murders in the Rue Moegue, Stage Door Canteen, All My Sons, With These Hands, and The Thrill of It All.

2002–The NBA Championship: The New Jersey Nets beat the Boston Celtics, 4 games to 2.

2005–W. Mark Felt tells Vanity Fair that he was the anonymous source called “Deep Throat” in the Watergate scandal.

2005–Strawberry Field, the orphanage in Liverpool, England, which inspired The Beatles' song, Strawberry Fields Forever, is closed by the Salvation Army after almost 70 years. John Lennon played on the orphanage grounds as a young boy.

2009–Millvina Dean, last living survivor of the Titanic disaster, dies at age 97.

2009–Drag queen performer and singer, Danny La Rue, dies of cancer in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England, at age 81. Among his celebrity impersonations were Elizabeth Taylor, Zsa Zsa Gabor, Judy Garland, Margot Fonteyn, Marlene Dietrich, and Margaret Thatcher. At one point he had his own nightclub in Hanover Square, and also performed on London's West End. In the 1960s, he was among Britain's highest-paid entertainers.

2010–Israeli Shayetet 13 commandos board the Gaza Freedom Flotilla, while still in international waters, trying to break the ongoing blockade of the Gaza Strip. Nine Turkish civilians on the flotilla are killed in the ensuing violence.

2012–The 85th National Spelling Bee: Snigdha Nandipati wins, spelling guetapens.

2013–The asteroid 1998 QE2 and its moon make their closest approach to Earth for the next two centuries.

2013–Actress, Jean Stapleton, dies of natural causes in New York, New York, at age 90. She is best known for the role of Edith Bunker on the TV series All in the Family.

2014–Journalist, Marilyn Beck, dies of lung cancer in Oceanside, California, at age 85. She was a syndicated Hollywood columnist who rose to prominence on the heels of Hedda Hopper and Louella Parsons. Beck's hard news reporting approach to celebrity journalism was in sharp contrast to newspaper and fan magazine celebrity stories of the 1950s and 1960s, and served as a precursor to such current-day celebrity news publications as People and US.

2014–Actress, Martha Hyer, dies of natural causes in Santa Fe, New Mexico, at age 89. She appeared in the films Yukon Gold, Riders to the Stars, Sabrina, Lucky Me, Francis in the Navy, The Delicate Delinquent, Mister Cory, My Man Godfrey, Battle Hymn, Houseboat, Some Came Running, The Best of Everything, Bikini Beach, The Carpetbaggers, The Sons of Katie Elder, and The Happening.

2016–The U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals rules (12-3) that a warrant is not required for police to obtain a person's cell phone location data from wireless carriers.

2016–In an interview with the German broadsheet, Frankfurter Allgemeine, the Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama says that Germany has taken too many refugees and "from a moral standpoint" refugees should "only be accommodated temporarily" with the goal of them returning home to rebuild their countries.

2016–A Global Slavery Index report estimates the number of people born into servitude, trafficked for sex work, in debt bondage, or forced labor to be 45.8 million. India is reported to have the highest number at an estimated 18.4 million slaves, and North Korea the highest ratio, 4.4 percent of its population.

2016–Glenn Beck’s syndicated radio program is temporarily suspended by satellite radio SiriusXM, after a guest on the show (conservative commentator Brad Thor) suggested that citizens might have to remove Donald Trump from office if he’s elected president.

2016–Televangelist, Jan Crouch, dies a massive stroke in Orlando, Florida, at age 78. She co-founder of the Trinity Broadcasting Network with her husband, Paul Crouch.

2017–Kenya opens the Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway, the East African country's largest infrastructure project since gaining independence.

2017–The Iranian Guardian Council officially confirms the result of the election, which sees Incumbent President Hassan Rouhani re-elected for another four years in office.

2017–Police in Washington, D.C., arrest a man on weapons charges inside the Trump International Hotel near the White House. The Pennsylvania physician, who was behaving suspiciously and had made threatening remarks, was found to have an assault rifle, a handgun, and ammunition in his car.

2017–Comedienne, Kathy Griffin, is fired from co-hosting CNN's New Year's Eve program (with Anderson Cooper), a day after she posted a photo of herself holding a fake bloody severed head of President Donald Trump. The the gory photo has allegedly caught the attention of the Secret Service and they have launched an investigation into “the circumstances surrounding the photo shoot.” Griffith then makes a brief apology: “I am sorry. I went too far. I was wrong.”

2018–President Donald Trump pardons conservative filmmaker, Dinesh D’Souza, who was convicted of making an illegal campaign contribution in 2014.

2018–Denmark's parliament votes 75-30 to ban garments that cover the face, which includes Islamic veils such as the niqab and burqa. Those violating the law risk a fine of 1,000 kroner. Similar bans already exist in Austria, Belgium, and France.

2018–Paleontologists at the University of Bristol announce, through the journal, Nature, the discovery of the world's oldest lizard fossil, estimated to be 240 million years old. The fossil, Megachirella wachtleri, is the most ancient known ancestor of all modern lizards and snakes.


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